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Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium tert-butoxide solution

1.0 M in THF

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Synonym(s):
Potassium tert-butylate, Potassium-2-methylpropan-2-olate solution
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3COK
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
112.21
Beilstein:
3556712
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

form

liquid

Quality Level

reaction suitability

core: potassium

concentration

1.0 M in THF

density

0.902 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

[K+].CC(C)(C)[O-]

InChI

1S/C4H9O.K/c1-4(2,3)5;/h1-3H3;/q-1;+1

InChI key

LPNYRYFBWFDTMA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
6598788.04918702757
concentration

1.0 M in THF

concentration

-

concentration

-

concentration

2 M in THF

density

0.902 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

density

1.19 g/cm3 at 20 °C

density

0.920 g/mL at 25 °C

reaction suitability

core: potassium

reaction suitability

core: potassium

reaction suitability

-

reaction suitability

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

General description

Potassium tert-butoxide solution is a strong non nucleophilic base. It is capable of deprotonating carbon and other Bronsted acids. Reagent solutions in tert-BuOh may be prepared by reacting anhydrous alcohol with potassium in nitrogen atmosphere.

Application

Potassium tert-butoxide solution(t-BuOK) can be used:
  • As a catalyst for the interesterification of rapeseed oil with methyl acetate.
  • To promote Sommelet–Hauser rearrangements of N-benzylic amino acid-derived ammonium ylides under mild conditions.
  • As a metal-organic precursor in the synthesis of KNbO3 ferroelectric films by the chemical vapor deposition method.
  • To prepare 3-potassiooxamethylpyridine catalyst.
  • As a strong alkoxide base reagent.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Corr. 1A - Water-react 1

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

4.3 - Hazardous materials, which set free flammable gases upon contact with water

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

-2.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-19 °C - closed cup


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One-step methodology for the synthesis of FA picolinyl esters from intact lipids.
Destaillats F and Angers P
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 79(3), 253-256 (2002)
Huaiqing Zhao et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 49(23), 2323-2325 (2013-02-14)
A macrocyclic aromatic pyridone pentamer was shown to catalyze highly efficient transition-metal-free arylations of unactivated aromatic C-H bonds with aryl iodides and bromides in the presence of potassium tert-butoxide.
Brian C Anderson et al.
Biomaterials, 23(22), 4345-4352 (2002-09-11)
Several homopolymers and copolymers of 2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DEAEM) and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMEM) were synthesized using anionic polymerization initiated by potassium t-butoxide. The polymers were characterized by average molecular weight, polydispersity and monomeric unit composition. A very narrow
Yong Guo et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 7(8), 1716-1722 (2009-04-04)
Alpha-fluoro-alpha-aryl-ketones were synthesized by the Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl bromides with either alpha-fluoroketones or their corresponding silyl enol ethers. The direct arylation with an alpha-fluoroketone requires a strong base, such as potassium tert-butoxide, and under these conditions the presence of
Astrid Beyer et al.
Organic letters, 14(15), 3948-3951 (2012-07-17)
Potassium tert-butoxide-mediated intramolecular α-arylations of fluoro- and chloro-substituted anilides provide oxindoles in DMF at 80 °C. In this manner, diversely substituted products have been obtained in moderate to high yields.

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