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4-Cyano-4-(phenylcarbonothioylthio)pentanoic acid

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4-Cyano-4-(thiobenzoylthio)pentanoic acid
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94-98 °C

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94-98 °C


175-185 °C




64-68 °C

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storage temp.


storage temp.


storage temp.


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General description

4-Cyano-4-(phenylcarbonothioylthio)pentanoic acid is asulfur-based chain transfer agent that provides a high degree of control forliving radical polymerization.


RAFT agent for controlled radical polymerization; especially suited for the polymerization of methacrylate and methacrylamide monomers.


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Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

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The modulation of protein activity is of significance for disease therapy, molecular diagnostics, and tissue engineering. Nanoparticles offer a new platform for the preparation of protein conjugates with improved protein properties. In the present work, Escherichia coli (E. coli) inorganic
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Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems (DDSs) are expected to realize site-specific drug release and kill cancer cells selectively. In this study, a pH-responsive micelle was designed utilizing the pH-sensitivity of borate bonds formed between dopamine and boronic acid. First, methyl (polyethylene
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Giant vesicles with several-micrometer diameters were prepared by the self-assembly of an amphiphilic block copolymer in the presence of the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. The vesicle is composed of a non-uniform triblock copolymer synthesized by multi-step reactions in the presence of
Bartlomiej Kalaska et al.
Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 177, 98-112 (2016-07-28)
The parenteral anticoagulants may cause uncontrolled and life-threatening bleeding. Protamine, the only registered heparin antidote, is partially effective against low-molecular weight heparins, completely ineffective against fondaparinux and may cause unacceptable toxicity. Therefore, we aimed to develop a synthetic compound for
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Charge anisotropy or the presence of charge patches at protein surfaces has long been thought to shift the coacervation curves of proteins and has been used to explain the ability of some proteins to coacervate on the "wrong side" of


Evaluation of RAFT Agents

A series of polymerization were carried out using RAFT agents and monomers yielding well-defined polymers with narrow molecular weight distributions. The process allows radical-initiated growing polymer chains to degeneratively transfer reactivity from one to another through the use of key functional groups (dithioesters, trithiocarbonates, xanthates and dithiocarbamates). RAFT agents help to minimize out-of-control growth and prevent unwanted termination events from occurring, effectively controlling polymer properties like molecular weight and polydispersity. RAFT agents are commercially available. RAFT does not use any cytotoxic heavy metal components (unlike ATRP).

Reversible Addition Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT) Polymerization

RAFT (Reversible Addition Fragmentation chain Transfer) polymerization is a reversible deactivation radical polymerization (RDRP) and one of the more versatile methods for providing living characteristics to radical polymerization.

Functional Biomaterials Synthesized by Double-Head Polymerization Agents

Over the past two decades, the rapid advance of controlled living polymerization (CLP) techniques.

Protein- and Peptide- Polymer Conjugates by RAFT Polymerization

The modification of biomacromolecules, such as peptides and proteins, through the attachment of synthetic polymers has led to a new family of highly advanced biomaterials with enhanced properties.

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RAFT Polymerization Procedures

RAFT (Reversible Addition-Fragmentation chain Transfer) is a form of living radical polymerization involving conventional free radical polymerization of a substituted monomer in the presence of a suitable chain transfer (RAFT) reagent.

Concepts and Tools for RAFT Polymerization

We present an article about RAFT, or Reversible Addition/Fragmentation Chain Transfer, which is a form of living radical polymerization.

Typical Procedures for Polymerizing via RAFT

We presents an article featuring procedures that describe polymerization of methyl methacrylate and vinyl acetate homopolymers and a block copolymer as performed by researchers at CSIRO.

Typical Procedures for Polymerizing via ATRP

An article about the typical procedures for polymerizing via ATRP, which demonstrates that in the following two procedures describe two ATRP polymerization reactions as performed by Prof. Dave Hadddleton′s research group at the University of Warwick.

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