MilliporeSigma
All Photos(2)

Documents

84510

Sigma-Aldrich

Saponin

greener alternative

used as non-ionic surfactant

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

Synonym(s):
glycosides, saponins
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

plant (Quillaya)

Quality Level

form

powder

composition

Sapogenin, 8-25%

greener alternative product characteristics

Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses
Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
protein quantification: suitable

impurities

10.0-20.0% sulphated ash

CMC

0.001-0.01%

solubility

water: 1 g/10 mL, clear to hazy, yellow to brown

density

1.015-1.020 g/mL at 20 °C (5% in H2O)(lit.)

greener alternative category

SMILES string

C[C@]1(CCC23COC4([C@H]2C1)CC[C@@H]5[C@]6(CC[C@@H](C(C6CC[C@]5([C@@]4(C[C@H]3O)C)C)(C)C)O[C@H]7[C@@H]([C@H]([C@H](CO7)O[C@H]8[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H](CO8)O)O)O)O[C@@H]9[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O9)CO)O)O)O)O[C@H]1[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O1)CO)O)O)O[C@@H]1[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O1)CO)O)O)O)C)C=O

InChI

1S/C58H94O27/c1-52(2)29-7-11-55(5)30(8-12-58-31-15-53(3,22-62)13-14-57(31,23-77-58)32(64)16-56(55,58)6)54(29,4)10-9-33(52)82-50-46(85-51-45(40(71)37(68)27(19-61)80-51)84-49-43(74)39(70)36(67)26(18-60)79-49)44(83-48-42(73)38(69)35(66)25(17-59)78-48)28(21-76-50)81-47-41(72)34(65)24(63)20-75-47/h22,24-51,59-61,63-74H,7-21,23H2,1-6H3/t24-,25-,26-,27-,28+,29?,30-,31+,32-,33+,34+,35-,36-,37-,38+,39+,40+,41-,42-,43-,44+,45-,46-,47+,48-,49-,50+,51+,53-,54+,55-,56+,57?,58?/m1/s1

InChI key

MAEBCGDGGATMSC-OSHGGGOQSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
47036SAE0073S7900
Saponin used as non-ionic surfactant

84510

Saponin

Sigma-Aldrich

47036

Saponin

Saponin

SAE0073

Saponin

Saponin from quillaja bark Sapogenin content ≥10 %

S7900

Saponin from quillaja bark

form

powder

form

-

form

-

form

-

CMC

0.001-0.01%

CMC

0.001-0.01%

CMC

-

CMC

-

density

1.015-1.020 g/mL at 20 °C (5% in H2O)(lit.)

density

1.015-1.020 g/mL at 20 °C (5% in H2O)(lit.)

density

-

density

-

biological source

plant (Quillaya)

biological source

-

biological source

-

biological source

-

impurities

10.0-20.0% sulphated ash

impurities

-

impurities

-

impurities

-

General description

Canonical SMILES: CC1(C2CCC3(C(C2(CCC1OC4C(C(C(CO4)OC5C(C(C(CO5)O)O)O)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)CCC91C3(CC(C2(C9CC(CC2)(C)C=O)CO1)O)C)C)C
Saponins, belonging to the class of steroid or triterpenoid glycosides, are widely distributed in plants, marine animals, and certain bacteria, serving as crucial compounds in various research fields, including biochemical, cell biology, and beyond. These amphipathic glycosides exhibit soap-like foaming in aqueous solutions due to their distinctive structure, featuring hydrophilic glycoside moieties combined with a lipophilic triterpene derivative.

Beyond their structural uniqueness, saponins play essential roles in biochemical processes, acting as secondary metabolites that facilitate protein penetration through cell membranes. Studies indicate their amphipathic nature and potential as hemolytic agents, contributing to their utility in immunoassays by stimulating the Th1 immune response and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte production. In cell biology, saponins find applications as nonionic surfactants, influencing cellular processes and interactions.

Moreover, saponins serve as promising components in vaccine research, functioning as adjuvants that can activate the mammalian immune system. This property, combined with their ability to solubilize low-density lipoproteins and regulate cholesterol concentration in micelles, makes saponins versatile and valuable in multidisciplinary research areas, including biochemical and cell biology research.
We are committed to bringing you greener alternative products, which adhere to one or more of the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry. This product is Bio-based and thus aligns with ″Use of Renewable Feedstocks″.

Application

Saponin has been used:
  • as a wetting agent to study its effects on the floatability of six plastics
  • to permeabilize washed neutrophils for immunofluorescence
  • as a supplement in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) for immunocytochemistry

Glycoside used as a nonionic sufactant and adjuvant in vaccine development.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Saponins are nonionic surfactant that forms oil-in-water emulsions and acts as a protective colloid. They are used for the direct determination of metals in milk by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry.

Features and Benefits

  • Suitable for Biochemical and Cell Biology research
  • Can be used with HPLC and Protein Quantification
  • High purity product for research applications

Other Notes

For additional information on our range of Biochemicals, please complete this form.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves


Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 9

1 of 9

Digitonin Used as non-ionic detergent

Sigma-Aldrich

D141

Digitonin

Liriope muscari Saponin C phyproof® Reference Substance

PHL83869

Liriope muscari Saponin C

Formosanin C phyproof® Reference Substance

PHL80561

Formosanin C

Paris VII phyproof® Reference Substance

PHL83226

Paris VII

Soyasaponin Bb phyproof® Reference Substance

PHL83545

Soyasaponin Bb

L-α-Phosphatidylcholine suitable for microbiology, Surfactant and constituent of the liposomal carrier system

Millipore

44924

L-α-Phosphatidylcholine

Primulic acid I phyproof® Reference Substance

PHL89259

Primulic acid I

Pyronin B Dye content ≥30 %

Sigma-Aldrich

P6892

Pyronin B

Olusola Olalekan Elekofehinti
Pathophysiology : the official journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology, 22(2), 95-103 (2015-03-11)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a global health problem. It is the most common of the endocrine disorders and is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia due to relative or absolute lack of insulin secretion or insulin actions. According to the World Health
Julia Cuthbert et al.
Polymers, 11(5) (2019-05-01)
Degradable polymers are crucial in order to reduce plastic environmental pollution and waste accumulation. In this paper, a natural product, tannic acid was modified to be used as a polymer star core. The tannic acid was modified with atom transfer
Sarah Costers et al.
Veterinary research, 40(5), 46-46 (2009-05-19)
The replication of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in lungs and lymphoid tissues of PRRSV-infected pigs is already strongly reduced before the appearance of neutralizing antibodies, indicating that other immune mechanisms are involved in eliminating PRRSV at those
Patcharaporn Tippayawat et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 3(4), e407-e407 (2009-04-09)
Infection with the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei is an important cause of community-acquired lethal sepsis in endemic regions in southeast Asia and northern Australia and is increasingly reported in other tropical areas. In animal models, production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is
Shumin Tan et al.
PLoS pathogens, 5(5), e1000407-e1000407 (2009-05-05)
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) intimately interacts with the gastric epithelial surface and translocates the virulence factor CagA into host cells in a contact-dependent manner. To study how Hp benefits from interacting with the cell surface, we developed live-cell microscopy methods to

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service