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L8629

Sigma-Aldrich

Lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris (red kidney bean)

Erythroagglutinin PHA-E

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Synonym(s):
Phaseolus vulgaris agglutinin, PHA
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

form

salt-free, lyophilized powder

potency

<10 μg per mL agglutination activity (with erythryocytes)

composition

Protein, ≥80% biuret

Storage temp.

2-8°C

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This Item
L2646L2769L8754
storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

potency

<10 μg per mL agglutination activity (with erythryocytes)

potency

<40 μg per mL agglutination activity

potency

erythroagglutination activity (Does not agglutinate a 2% suspension of human erythrocytes at <62.5 μg lectin/ml.), ≤1.0 μg/mL leucoagglutination activity, ≤5 μg/mL mitogenic activity

potency

≤62.5 μg per mL agglutination activity, ≤10 μg/mL mitogenic activity

composition

Protein, ≥80% biuret

composition

Protein, 50-70% biuret

composition

Protein, ≥60% biuret

composition

-

Biochem/physiol Actions

PHA consists of two molecular species, an erythroagglutinin (PHA-E) which has low mitogenic activity and high erythroagglutinin activity, and leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) which has high mitogenic and leucoagglutinating activity, but very low erythroagglutinating activity.
PHA-E is not blood group specific, but agglutination can be inhibited by certain oligosaccharides. PHA-P is the protein form of PHA prior to separation and purification of erythroagglutinin and leucoagglutinin. PHA-M is the mucoprotein form. Conjugates are prepared from the corresponding purified lectins.

Quality

Tested for leucoagglutination.

Preparation Note

Purified by a modification of the method of Leavitt.

Analysis Note

Agglutination activity is expressed in μg/ml and is determined from serial dilutions of a 1 mg/ml solution. This activity is the lowest concentration to agglutinate a suspension of either human erythrocytes (2% in phosphate buffered saline, pH 6.8) or human leukocytes (107 per mL in saline) after 1 hr incubation at 25 °C.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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Tuo Yang et al.
Cell reports, 29(9), 2917-2928 (2019-11-28)
Increased tolerance of Plasmodium falciparum to front-line artemisinin antimalarials (ARTs) is associated with mutations in Kelch13 (K13), although the precise role of K13 remains unclear. Here, we show that K13 mutations result in decreased expression of this protein, while mislocalization
R D Leavitt et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 252(9), 2961-2966 (1977-05-10)
Affinity-purified phytohemagglutinin from red kidney bean resolves into five isolectins by SP-Sephadex ion exchange chromatography. Recoveries ranging from 30 to 130 mg of protein for each isolectin are easily achieved. The isolectins have similar amino acid compositions which differ only
Malvina Prapa et al.
NPJ precision oncology, 5(1), 93-93 (2021-10-29)
Glioblastoma is the most malignant primary brain tumor and is still in need of effective medical treatment. We isolated patient-derived glioblastoma cells showing high GD2 antigen expression representing a potential target for CAR T strategy. Data highlighted a robust GD2
H J Hoffmann et al.
Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 33(7), 930-935 (2003-07-16)
Atopy is closely associated with the cellular T helper type-2 (Th2) phenotype, that is dominated by the pleiotrophic cytokine IL-4. The cellular source of IL-4 has yet to be determined, although basophils have been proposed. Eosinophils and mast cells are

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