Organozinc Reagents

Common organic reactions using organozinc reagents

Organozinc reagents, first prepared by Frankland in 1848, are used extensively in organic synthesis as powerful C–C bond-forming tools, participating in Cu(I)-promoted reactions (developed at Rieke Metals, Inc.) or in Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions (i.e. the Negishi coupling), as well as Michael additions, and electrophilic amination reactions. Interestingly, the choice of preparative route to organozinc reagents of the type RZnX (R=alkyl, aryl; X=halide) plays an important role in the reactivity and stability of these compounds.  

We offer a comprehensive range of organozinc compounds, including Rieke® Organozinc Reagents that are stable as solutions in tetrahydrofuran, Rieke® Zinc, as well as numerous pre-formed Rieke® organozinc reagents. Prior to the discovery of Rieke® Zinc, it was not possible to react alkyl, aryl, and vinyl bromides or chlorides directly with zinc metal. The preparation of these reagents was only possible by a metathesis reaction of a zinc halide with an organolithium or Grignard reagent. Unfortunately, this approach was of limited utility since the process was not compatible with many types of functional groups. Rieke® Zinc, on the other hand, will react directly with the bromides or chlorides and will tolerate a variety of sensitive groups such as nitriles, esters, amides, ethers, sulfides, and ketones to give functionalized organozinc reagents. 

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Since many organozinc reagents are pyrophoric, we provide top-quality packaging in Sure/Seal bottles to prolong the lifetime of these reagents. A growing list of organometallic reagents are also being transitioned into exclusive 25 mL Sure/Seal packaging to reduce waste and decomposition of more unstable organometallic reagents, by requiring fewer needle entries to consume the reagent volume.

Face your cross-coupling challenges with our reliable range of organozinc reagents to keep your focus on creating breakthroughs.

Related Resources

  • Rieke® Highly Reactive Metals

    Metal-enhanced organic synthesis via organometallic intermediates is a widely used preparative route for thousands of organic compounds.

  • Tech Bulletin: Handling Pyrophoric Reagents

    Due to the hazardous nature of pyrophoric reagents, we strongly recommend that all users read this bulletin carefully and completely before starting any actual laboratory work.

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