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Showing 1-29 of 29 results for "33438" within Papers
Ayako Sakai et al.
Mutation research, 630(1-2), 103-111 (2007-05-15)
Cell transformation assays using BALB/3T3 cells can mimic the two-stage process of chemical carcinogenesis in experimental animals. A short-term transformation assay using v-Ha-ras-transfected BALB/3T3 cells (Bhas 42 cells), which was developed by Ohmori et al. and modified by Asada et
Margit Schollenberger et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 72(1-2), 85-89 (2002-02-15)
A total of 60 samples of wheat flour were collected during the first 6 months of 1999 from mills and food stores in an area in southwest Germany. Samples included whole-grain and two types of white flour with these three
C Maragos et al.
Food additives and contaminants, 23(8), 816-825 (2006-06-30)
Nivalenol is a mycotoxin produced by certain fungi that are pathogenic to important cereal crops, in particular maize, wheat, and barley. This toxin, 3alpha,4beta,7alpha,15-tetrahydroxy-12,13-epoxytrichothec-9-en-8-one, is found worldwide and is closely related to 4-deoxynivalenol (DON or vomitoxin), a mycotoxin associated with
A Poapolathep et al.
Poultry science, 87(8), 1510-1515 (2008-07-24)
In order to investigate the comparative fates and dispositions of fusarenon-X (FX) in broilers and ducks, FX was administered i.v. or orally (p.o.) to broilers and ducks. The FX and its metabolite (nivalenol, NIV) were determined in plasma and excreta
S Biselli et al.
Food additives and contaminants, 22(8), 752-760 (2005-09-09)
A reliable, sensitive and selective method was developed to determine different Fusarium mycotoxins (trichothecenes Type A and B, zearalenone) simultaneously in cereals and cereal-based samples using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). Sample preparation is based on a standard
Katsuhiro Miura et al.
Toxicology, 172(2), 103-112 (2002-03-08)
Fusarenon-X (FX), a trichothecene mycotoxin, is well known to be cytotoxic to mammalian cells. Our previous study revealed that FX induced apoptosis in mouse thymocytes both in vivo and in vitro. We investigated the mode of apoptosis induced by FX
A Biancardi et al.
Food additives and contaminants, 22(3), 251-258 (2005-07-16)
A new, rapid and sensitive method is reported for the multiresidual determination of type A (diacetoxyscirpenol, HT-2 toxin, T-2 toxin) and type B (nivalenol, deoxynivalenol, fusarenon X, 15-O-acetyl-4-deoxynivalenol) trichothecenes in wheat flour samples. Sample extraction was performed with acetonitrile/water mixtures.
Wenda Wu et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 50(6), 2056-2061 (2012-04-03)
While induction of food refusal by the trichothecene mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) has been described in several animal models, much less is known about the anorectic effects of structurally related 8-ketotrichothecenes, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), fusarenon X (FX) and nivalenol (NIV).
A L Mugrabi de Kuppler et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 151(1), 78-86 (2011-09-06)
Fusarium graminearum is the most important pathogen causing Fusarium head blight (FHB) of small cereal grains worldwide responsible for quantitative and qualitative yield losses. The presence in crops is often associated with mycotoxin contamination of foodstuff limiting its use for
Imourana Alassane-Kpembi et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 272(1), 191-198 (2013-06-06)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most prevalent trichothecene mycotoxin in crops in Europe and North America. DON is often present with other type B trichothecenes such as 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), nivalenol (NIV) and fusarenon-X (FX). Although the cytotoxicity of individual
E W Sydenham et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 79(6), 1365-1379 (1996-11-01)
Fusarium toxins are a major group of secondary metabolites, produced by several species, that may contaminate food cereals and animal feeds. We describe results of a study in which a number of physicochemical constants for 12 Important Fusarium mycotoxins (zearalenone
J Li et al.
The Journal of veterinary medical science, 59(1), 17-22 (1997-01-01)
Fusarenon-X (FX) 1.5 mg/kg was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) to 6-week-old male Wistar rats for examination of pathologic effects on the glandular stomach. Rats ip-treated with sterilized physiological saline were used as control. FX-administered rats showed dilatation of the stomach with
General pharmacological studies of fusarenon-X, a trichothecene mycotoxin from Fusarium species.
Matsuoka Y, et al.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 50(1), 87-94 (1979)
E Ito et al.
Natural toxins, 2(6), 371-377 (1994-01-01)
The injuries and repair processes in the intestines of mice induced by dinophysistoxin 3 (DTX 3) were compared morphologically to those induced by okadaic acid (OA) and dinophysistoxin 1 (DTX 1). DTX 3 impaired intestinal villi by the oral route
High-performance thin-layer chromatographic determination of deoxynivalenol, fusarenon-X, and nivalenol in barley, corn, and wheat.
Trucksess M W, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 35(4), 445-448 (1987)
Amnart Poapolathep et al.
Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 41(8), 1047-1054 (2003-07-24)
In order to investigate the comparative fates of nivalenol (NIV) and 4-acetyl derivative of NIV (fusarenon-X, FX) in mice, 3H-FX or 3H-NIV was given p.o. to mice. Radioactivity was excreted mainly via the urine in mice given 3H-FX, but mainly
Samak Sutjarit et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 292-302 (2014-07-02)
Fusarenon-X (FX), a type B trichothecene mycotoxin, is mainly produced by Fusarium crookwellense, which occurs naturally in agricultural commodities, such as wheat and barley. FX has been shown to exert a variety of toxic effects on multiple targets in vitro.
N Tani et al.
Microbiology and immunology, 39(8), 635-637 (1995-01-01)
The effect of trichothecene mycotoxins, deoxynivalenol (DON), fusarenon-X (FX) and nivalenol (NIV), on plaque formation of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) in HEp-2 cells was examined. The 50% effective concentrations (EC50) of DON, FX, and
M Schollenberger et al.
Mycopathologia, 147(1), 49-57 (2000-06-29)
A total of 237 commercially available samples of cereal-based foods including bread and related products, noodles, breakfast cereals, baby and infant foods, rice and other foods were randomly collected in southwest Germany during the first six months of 1998. The
Growth and reproductive problems in a colony of laboratory rats. Diagnosis: Mycotoxin poisoning.
Juan Carlos Perazzo et al.
Lab animal, 37(4), 153-155 (2008-03-22)
Kenji Tanaka et al.
Shokuhin eiseigaku zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan, 45(2), 63-66 (2004-07-27)
In 1998, a typhoon struck before rice harvesting in Japan, and the unpolished rice was found to be stained brown. Samples were collected and analyzed for the presence of trichothecenes using GC/MS. The mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON), fusarenon-X (Fus.-X) and nivalenol
S Bony et al.
Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA, 21(3), 457-465 (2006-12-13)
This study aims to assess the genotoxic potential of nivalenol (NIV) and fusarenon X (FusX), produced by various Fusarium on cereals. Toxins were applied in time and dose-dependent experiments to the human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cell-line, both in dividing (undifferentiated) and
J Li et al.
The Journal of veterinary medical science, 59(3), 191-199 (1997-03-01)
Male 5-week-old Wistar rats orally (po) administered with fusarenon-X (FX) 1.5 mg/kg and control rats po-treated with distilled water were sacrificed at 0-48 hr after gavage. FX-administered rats showed significant dilatation of the stomach with increased fluid contents at 1-24
Wenda Wu et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 131(1), 279-291 (2012-09-22)
Although the acute toxic effects of trichothecene mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON or vomitoxin), a known cause of human food poisoning, have been well characterized in several animal species, much less is known about closely related 8-ketotrichothecenes that similarly occur in cereal
K Miura et al.
Toxicology, 127(1-3), 195-206 (1998-08-12)
The effects of fusarenon-X (12,13-epoxytrichothecene; FX) on mouse thymus and T-cell subpopulations were studied. In mice that received three intraperitoneal injections of FX, the thymus showed severe atrophy, the thymic cortex almost completely disappeared, and the total number of thymocytes
Margit Schollenberger et al.
Toxins, 4(10), 778-787 (2012-11-20)
The objective of the present study was to monitor the occurrence and distribution of a spectrum of trichothecene toxins in different parts of maize plants. Therefore maize plants were sampled randomly from 13 fields in southwest Germany and the fractions
Zheng Han et al.
Journal of separation science, 33(13), 1923-1932 (2010-06-10)
A speedy and selective ultra-HPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-ADON, nivalenol and fusarenon X in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) was developed. The method was based on one-step sample cleanup using reliable homemade cleanup cartridges. A
Kenji Tanaka et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 119(1-2), 59-66 (2007-10-05)
Mycotoxin contamination in rice is usually lower as in wheat or corn. However, there are some reports that rice has been contaminated with mycotoxins such as aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 (AFS), citrinin, deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisin B1, B2, B3 (FMS)
Amnart Poapolathep et al.
Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 44(1), 111-113 (2004-07-01)
In order to investigate the transfer of nivalenol (NIV) and fusarenon-X (FX) from pregnant to fetal mice and from lactating to suckling mice, (3)H-NIV or (3)H-FX was given p.o. to pregnant or lactating mice. Radioactivity was detected in the whole
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