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Showing 1-12 of 12 results for "42867" within Papers
Seong-Min Lim et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(19) (2020-10-01)
(1) Background: Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) ceramic is one of the materials used for artificial joints, and it has been known that their fine particles (FPs) are provided by the wear of the ceramic. Al2O3 FPs have been shown to induce
Maike M K Hansen et al.
Cell, 173(7), 1609-1621 (2018-05-15)
Diverse biological systems utilize fluctuations ("noise") in gene expression to drive lineage-commitment decisions. However, once a commitment is made, noise becomes detrimental to reliable function, and the mechanisms enabling post-commitment noise suppression are unclear. Here, we find that architectural constraints
Li Cao et al.
International immunopharmacology, 72, 264-274 (2019-04-21)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have shown repairing effects in tissue damage. However, their efficacy and mechanism in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), a type of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, are unclear. To
Baohai Liu et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 11, 1036-1036 (2020-08-28)
In Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with damp-heat, blood stasis, and intestinal vascular ischemia. Kuijieyuan decoction (KD) is a traditional Chinese medicine based on the above theory and used clinically to alleviate UC injury. The
Hamed Laroui et al.
PloS one, 7(3), e32084-e32084 (2012-03-20)
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), primarily ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are inflammatory disorders caused by multiple factors. Research on IBD has often used the dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model. DSS induces in vivo but not in vitro intestinal
Andrey V Markov et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(10) (2020-05-28)
Semi-synthetic triterpenoids, bearing cyano enone functionality in ring A, are considered to be novel promising therapeutic agents with complex inhibitory effects on tissue damage, inflammation and tumor growth. Previously, we showed that the cyano enone-containing 18βH-glycyrrhetinic acid derivative soloxolone methyl
N Facchinello et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 4371-4371 (2017-07-01)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) play important roles in developmental and physiological processes through the transcriptional activity of their cognate receptor (Gr). Using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, we established a zebrafish null Gr mutant line and compared its phenotypes with wild type and a zebrafish
Yueqin He et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 10180-10180 (2020-06-25)
CD47 deficient mice are resistant to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis. The underlying mechanism, however, remains incompletely understood. In this study, we characterized the role of CD47 in modulating homeostasis of gastrointestinal tract. We found that CD47 expression in
Juri Kazakevych et al.
Genome biology, 21(1), 64-64 (2020-03-13)
How intestinal epithelial cells interact with the microbiota and how this is regulated at the gene expression level are critical questions. Smarcad1 is a conserved chromatin remodeling factor with a poorly understood tissue function. As this factor is highly expressed
Giovanni Sorrentino et al.
Gastroenterology, 159(3), 956-968 (2020-06-03)
Renewal and patterning of the intestinal epithelium is coordinated by intestinal stem cells (ISCs); dietary and metabolic factors provide signals to the niche that control ISC activity. Bile acids (BAs), metabolites in the gut, signal nutrient availability by activating the
Deniz Streit et al.
Plants (Basel, Switzerland), 9(8) (2020-08-19)
Ribosome biogenesis is one cell function-defining process. It depends on efficient transcription of rDNAs in the nucleolus as well as on the cytosolic synthesis of ribosomal proteins. For newly transcribed rRNA modification and ribosomal protein assembly, so-called small nucleolar RNAs
Raffaella Margherita Zampieri et al.
Biomolecules, 10(4) (2020-04-16)
The Euganean Thermal District (Italy) represents the oldest and largest thermal center in Europe, and its therapeutic mud is considered a unique product whose beneficial effects have been documented since Ancient Roman times. Mud properties depend on the heat and
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