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Showing 1-30 of 1373 results for "88597" within Papers
Joanna H Sliwowska et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 38(11), 2780-2789 (2014-11-26)
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has adverse effects on reproductive function and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) activity. Kisspeptin neurons play a role in mediating feedback effects of estradiol (E2 ) and progesterone (P4 ) on the HPG axis. We hypothesized that PAE will
S M Wabaidur et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 29(6), 684-688 (2014-10-23)
A sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescence method for the determination of acetylsalicylic acid is described. It is based on the enhanced chemiluminescent emission of the alkaline lucigenin–H2O2 system by acetylsalicylic acid. The difference in chemiluminescent intensity of alkaline lucigenin–H2O2 in the presence
Melissa H Lash et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 31(3), 898-905 (2014-07-02)
Particle-based crystals have been explored in the literature for applications in molecular electronics, photonics, sensors, and drug delivery. However, much of the research on these crystals has been focused on particles of nano- and submicrometer dimensions (so-called colloidal crystals) with
Steven J Conrad et al.
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR, 34, 19-19 (2015-04-19)
Colorectal cancers are significant causes of morbidity and mortality and existing therapies often perform poorly for individuals afflicted with advanced disease. Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging therapeutic modality with great promise for addressing this medical need. Herein we describe the
Paula Santoyo-Ramos et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e112580-e112580 (2014-11-15)
This study examined the role played by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in malignant phenotype maintenance and canonical Wnt signaling. Under normoxia, we determined that both HIF-1α and HIF-2α are expressed in human colon cancer cells but not in their non-malignant counterparts.
Rana Barakat et al.
MicrobiologyOpen, 3(1), 1-14 (2013-12-07)
The blue-green phenazine, Pyocyanin (PYO), is a well-known virulence factor produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, notably during cystic fibrosis lung infections. It is toxic to both eukaryotic and bacterial cells and several mechanisms, including the induction of oxidative stress, have been
Fu-Chao Liu et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 43(5), 470-474 (2015-02-19)
Casodex (bicalutamide), an androgen receptor antagonist, is used for the treatment of prostate cancer. Recent evidences show that Akt signaling pathway exerts organ-protective effects after injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Akt plays any role in
Noriko Nakajima et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 127(3), 339-343 (2015-04-04)
Oral mucositis induced by radiotherapy for cancers of the head and neck reduce the quality of life of patients. However, effective therapeutic agents are lacking. Symptomatic treatment involves local anesthesia and analgesia. We focused on the antioxidant effects of edaravone
T Çavusoglu et al.
Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 122(6), 327-333 (2014-06-19)
One of the major concerns is a nephropathy in diabetes, which applies many different kinds of medicines. However, required level of the treatment of renal disease has not been achieved. To investigate and compare the effect of the enalapril and
Joseph A Caruso et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 3417-3417 (2015-01-01)
Elafin is an endogenous serine protease inhibitor. The majority of breast cancer cell lines lack elafin expression compared to human mammary epithelial cells. In this study, we hypothesized that elafin is downregulated during breast and ovarian tumorigenesis. We examined elafin
Angela Zanatta et al.
Life sciences, 93(4), 161-168 (2013-06-29)
Cerebellar ataxia is commonly observed in hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria (HHH) syndrome, an inherited metabolic disorder biochemically characterized by ornithine (Orn), homocitrulline (Hcit) and ammonia accumulation. Since the pathophysiology of cerebellum damage in this disorder is still unknown, we investigated the effects of
Rushi Gandhi et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 307(2), F205-F221 (2014-05-16)
Efficient clearance of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis) prevents inflammation and permits repair following tissue injury. Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is a receptor for phosphatidylserine, an "eat-me" signal exposed on the surface of apoptotic cells that marks them for phagocytic clearance. KIM-1
Fernando Henrique Borba et al.
Environmental technology, 34(5-8), 653-661 (2013-07-11)
In this work, an optimized photo-Fenton process was applied to remove pollutants from tannery industrial effluent (TIE) with its final toxicity level being assessed by a lettuce-seed-based bioassay test. A full 33 factorial design was applied for the optimization of
Yuji Nakamaru et al.
Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 152(1), 48-52 (2014-11-21)
Many proinflammatory cytokines are regulated by the acetylation and deacetylation of the core histone. Since dysregulation of T helper 2 cytokine production is a key in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, we examined the role of histone deacetylase (HDAC) on
Lydia Herrmann et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0119423-e0119423 (2015-03-24)
Defects in intracellular transport are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hook proteins are a family of cytoplasmic linker proteins that participate in endosomal transport. In this study we show that Hook1 and Hook3 are expressed in neurons
Tian Wang et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(8), 560-566 (2014-08-20)
Escin, a natural mixture of triterpenoid saponin isolated from the seed of the horse chestnut, is reported to have a potent antiulcer activity against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesions. This study investigated the possible mechanisms underlying the gastroprotective effect of escin
Xiaojin Zhang et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(3), 1141-1148 (2014-12-30)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. The Notch signaling pathway has been shown to be associated with the development and progression of many human cancers, including breast cancer, but the precise mechanism remains unknown. Here, the influence
Mohammad Parwez Ahmad et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 28(2), 509-513 (2015-03-03)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced oxidative stress and impairment of normal physiological function generally categorized by increased anxiety and reduced mobility. Therefore, the present study was to find out the effect Methanolic extract of Asparagus racemosus (MEAR ) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced oxidative
Tilman D Rachner et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(1), R20-R20 (2014-02-18)
Amino-bisphosphonates and statins inhibit the mevalonate pathway, and may exert anti-tumor effects. The Wnt inhibitor dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) promotes osteolytic bone lesions by inhibiting osteoblast functions and has been implicated as an adverse marker in multiple cancers. We assessed the effects
Walid M Ebeid et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6701-6712 (2014-09-06)
A RP-LC method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the active components, azilsartan medoxomil (AZL) and chlorthalidone (CLT), in their novel antihypertensive combined recipe. The chromatographic separation was achieved on an Eclipse XDB-C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 μm) column using a mobile
F Q Hu et al.
Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents, 28(4), 649-657 (2015-01-27)
Pentraxin-3 (PTX3), a modulator of tumor-associated inflammation, is known to be positively correlated with tumor grade and severity of malignancies, but the function and molecular underlying mechanisms of PTX3 remain unclear. In the present study, the expression of PTX3 in
P Rozpądek et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 217-224 (2014-07-23)
Cichorium intybus (common chicory), a perennial plant, common in anthropogenic sites, has been the object of a multitude of studies in recent years due to its high content of antioxidants utilized in pharmacy and food industry. Here, the role of
Clara Sciorati et al.
Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.), 67(3), 809-822 (2014-12-17)
Muscle regeneration is a hallmark of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), a group of autoimmune disorders that are characterized by leukocyte infiltration and dysfunction of the skeletal muscle. Despite detailed studies describing the clinical and histopathologic features of IIMs, the
Haider A J Al Lawati et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 29(8), 1148-1153 (2014-05-02)
A highly sensitive, rapid and economical method for the determination of amlodipine (AM) in biological fluids was developed using a peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (CL) system in a lab-on-a-chip device. Peroxyoxalate-CL is an indirect type of CL that allows the detection of
Sukhbir Kaur et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(8), 3914-3924 (2014-09-10)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) inhibits angiogenesis, in part, by interacting with the ubiquitous cell-surface receptor CD47. In endothelial cells, CD47 interacts directly with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2, and TSP1 inhibits VEGFR2 phosphorylation and signaling by disrupting this association. We show
Lauren R Salvitti et al.
Marine drugs, 13(2), 756-769 (2015-01-31)
Tetrodotoxin (TTX), is a potent neurotoxin targeting sodium channels that has been identified in multiple marine and terrestrial organisms. It was recently detected in the Opisthobranch Pleurobranchaea maculata and a Platyhelminthes Stylochoplana sp. from New Zealand. Knowledge on the distribution
B Gao et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1334-e1334 (2014-07-18)
Oxidative stress is believed to be an important inducer of cellular senescence and aging. Zinc finger protein 637 (Zfp637), which belongs to the Krüppel-like protein family, has been hypothesized to play a role in oxidative stress. Nevertheless, the precise function
Peter L P Smith et al.
Developmental neuroscience, 36(2), 119-131 (2014-03-20)
The early postnatal period represents an important window in rodent hippocampal development with peak hilar neurogenesis and widespread microgliogenesis occurring in the first week of life. Inflammation occurring during this period may negatively influence development, potentially facilitating or increasing susceptibility
Malgorzata Slowinska-Lisowska et al.
Acta physiologica Hungarica, 101(4), 461-470 (2014-09-10)
Carnosine is a dipeptide formed from the amino acids β-alanine and histidine and found in large amounts in the brain and muscle, especially fast twitch muscle. Carnosine has an antioxidant role and accounts for about 10% of the muscle's ability
Ji Hye Kim et al.
Stem cells and development, 23(12), 1364-1376 (2014-02-15)
Although adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) show promise for cell therapy, there is a tremendous need for developing ASC activators. In the present study, we investigated whether or not vitamin C increases the survival, proliferation, and hair-regenerative potential of ASCs. In
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