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Showing 1-30 of 253 results for "A9256" within Papers
Mark G Jones et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 361(1-2), 150-158 (2005-07-05)
Previous work by others have suggested the occurrence of one or more chemical or metabolic 'markers' for ME/CFS including specific amino acids and organic acids and a number of unidentified compounds (CFSUM1, CFSUM2). We have shown elsewhere that CFSUM1 is
K J Bär et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 24(2), 333-338 (2002-12-25)
Increasing evidence suggests an interaction of oxidative stress and the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. We studied levels of pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of
Ming Li et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(5), 9134-9151 (2015-04-29)
Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is an inherited disease of the nervous system. We previously identified PRRT2 as the causative gene of PKC. However, as little is known about the function of PRRT2, elucidating its function will benefit not only PKC
Roger F Butterworth
Metabolic brain disease, 17(4), 221-227 (2003-02-27)
Results of neuropathologic, spectroscopic, and neurochemical studies continue to confirm a major role for ammonia in the pathogenesis of the central nervous system complications of both acute and chronic liver failure. Damage to astrocytes characterized by cell swelling (acute liver
Baruch I Kanner
Nature structural & molecular biology, 20(10), 1142-1144 (2013-10-08)
Sodium-coupled glutamate transporters regulate excitatory signaling in the brain. A new crystal structure shows how the substrate induces changes in the binding pocket of an archaeal transporter homolog, providing new insights into the mechanism of transport.
C J L Silwood et al.
Journal of dental research, 81(6), 422-427 (2002-07-05)
We have explored the ability of high-resolution NMR techniques to (1) index salivary biomolecules and (2) provide valuable data regarding intra- and inter-subject variability in the concentrations of a series of components readily determinable by this technique (organic acids and
Kelsey H Fisher-Wellman et al.
Cell reports, 24(13), 3593-3606 (2018-09-27)
Chronic metabolic diseases have been linked to molecular signatures of mitochondrial dysfunction. Nonetheless, molecular remodeling of the transcriptome, proteome, and/or metabolome does not necessarily translate to functional consequences that confer physiologic phenotypes. The work here aims to bridge the gap
Yuanyuan Chen et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(2), 231-242 (2014-06-11)
Aspartyl aminopeptidase (DNPEP) has been implicated in the control of angiotensin signaling and endosome trafficking, but its precise biologic roles remain incompletely defined. We performed a high-throughput screen of ∼25,000 small molecules to identify inhibitors of DNPEP for use as
Beatrice Bocca et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 197-203 (2005-10-26)
The haematic concentration of 26 metals and the oxidative damage in 60 patients (20 males and 40 females) affected by Alzheimer's disease and 44 healthy individuals (33 males and 11 females) were compared. In patients, the following significant (p <
C J McClain et al.
Gut, 21(4), 318-323 (1980-04-01)
Blood methanethiol and ammonia concentrations were measured in 16 healty volunteers, 52 consecutive alcoholic cirrhotics without overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and 42 consecutive patients with alcoholic liver disease and overt HE. The mean concentration of blood methanethiol was significantly greater
Junbo Li et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 30(5), 643-648 (2014-10-28)
In an HCl medium (pH 1.5), ligustrazine (2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine, TMP) reacted with 12-tungstophosphoric acid (TP) to form a 3 : 1 ion-association complex. As a result, the intensities of resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS), second-order scattering (SOS) and frequency doubling scattering (FDS) were
Song Yi et al.
Nature protocols, 12(11), 2323-2341 (2017-10-06)
A complete understanding of human cancer variants requires new methods to systematically and efficiently assess the functional effects of genomic mutations at a large scale. Here, we describe a set of tools to rapidly clone and stratify thousands of cancer
Antonio C Ruzzini et al.
Biochemistry, 52(42), 7428-7438 (2013-09-27)
The meta-cleavage product (MCP) hydrolases utilize a Ser-His-Asp triad to hydrolyze a carbon-carbon bond. Hydrolysis of the MCP substrate has been proposed to proceed via an enol-to-keto tautomerization followed by a nucleophilic mechanism of catalysis. Ketonization involves an intermediate, ES(red)
F Granata et al.
The neuroradiology journal, 26(3), 277-283 (2013-07-19)
The cognitive dysmetria theory suggests a disconnectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, thalami and vermis to explain the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This study investigated the metabolic integrity of this neurologic circuit in patients with schizophrenia using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy
E Vezzoli et al.
Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991), 30(4), 2114-2127 (2019-12-07)
Long-term memory formation (LTM) is a process accompanied by energy-demanding structural changes at synapses and increased spine density. Concomitant increases in both spine volume and postsynaptic density (PSD) surface area have been suggested but never quantified in vivo by clear-cut
Jing-Li Gan et al.
Psychiatry research, 223(1), 23-27 (2014-05-17)
Early onset schizophrenia (EOS) is often associated with poorer outcomes, including lack of school education, higher risk of mental disability and resistance to treatment. But the knowledge of the neurobiological mechanism of EOS is limited. Here, using proton magnetic resonance
Hunter Cuchiaro et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 67(19), 5672-5679 (2019-04-25)
The analysis of protein in algal biomass is one of the most critical areas of commercial development of algae characterization for nutritional or other high value applications. A new rapid and accurate method is required that can be widely implemented
Ashley S Williams et al.
Cell metabolism, 31(1), 131-147 (2019-12-10)
This study sought to examine the functional significance of mitochondrial protein acetylation using a double knockout (DKO) mouse model harboring muscle-specific deficits in acetyl-CoA buffering and lysine deacetylation, due to genetic ablation of carnitine acetyltransferase and Sirtuin 3, respectively. DKO
Eran Mick et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-05-29)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with activation of the integrated stress response (ISR) but the underlying triggers remain unclear. We systematically combined acute mitochondrial inhibitors with genetic tools for compartment-specific NADH oxidation to trace mechanisms linking different forms of mitochondrial dysfunction
Aleksandra Agapova et al.
eLife, 8 (2019-02-01)
Bacterial metabolism is fundamental to survival and pathogenesis. We explore how Mycobacterium tuberculosis utilises amino acids as nitrogen sources, using a combination of bacterial physiology and stable isotope tracing coupled to mass spectrometry metabolomics methods. Our results define core properties
Rachael M Giersch et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(18) (2017-10-31)
Genome manipulation has become more accessible given the advent of the CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) editing technology. The Cas9 endonuclease binds a single stranded (single guide) RNA (sgRNA) fragment that recruits the complex to a corresponding genomic
Jennifer L Kellie et al.
Biochemistry, 52(48), 8753-8765 (2013-10-31)
8-Oxoguanine (OG) is one of the most frequently occurring forms of DNA damage and is particularly deleterious since it forms a stable Hoogsteen base pair with adenine (A). The repair of an OG:A mispair is initiated by adenine-DNA glycosylase (MutY)
Chih-Ping Yang et al.
Anesthesia and analgesia, 117(6), 1493-1502 (2013-11-22)
Glutamate homeostasis and microglia activation play an important role in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. We designed this investigation to examine whether ultra-low dose naloxone administered alone or in combination with morphine could alter the concentration of the
Giles S Kendall et al.
Radiology, 271(1), 230-238 (2014-01-31)
To determine (a) whether diffuse white matter injury of prematurity is associated with an increased choline (Cho)-to-creatine (Cr) ratio and a reduced N-acetylaspartate (NAA)-to-Cho ratio and whether these measures can be used as biomarkers of outcome and (b) if changes
E R Waite et al.
Forensic science international, 103(2), 113-124 (1999-09-11)
Accurate age determination of adult cadavers and human remains is a key requirement in forensic practice. The current morphological methods lack accuracy and precision, require specialist training and are costly. The use of aspartic acid racemization (AAR) in human dentine
Christoph B Messner et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(28), 7403-7407 (2017-06-28)
The evolutionary origins of metabolism, in particular the emergence of the sugar phosphates that constitute glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, and the RNA and DNA backbone, are largely unknown. In cells, a major source of glucose and the large sugar
Helen N Saada et al.
International journal of radiation biology, 90(12), 1179-1183 (2014-06-18)
To evaluate the modulator role of fish oil (FO) on some biochemical changes in the brain of gamma-irradiated rats (RAD). Male albino rats Sprague Dawley were divided into four groups (n = 10). (i) received vehicle via gavages during 28
Alexandra Deviers et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 90(2), 385-393 (2014-08-12)
Because lactate accumulation is considered a surrogate for hypoxia and tumor radiation resistance, we studied the spatial distribution of the lactate-to-N-acetyl-aspartate ratio (LNR) before radiation therapy (RT) with 3D proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (3D-(1)H-MRSI) and assessed its impact on
Olga Boudker et al.
Nature, 445(7126), 387-393 (2007-01-19)
Secondary transporters are integral membrane proteins that catalyse the movement of substrate molecules across the lipid bilayer by coupling substrate transport to one or more ion gradients, thereby providing a mechanism for the concentrative uptake of substrates. Here we describe
D Rating et al.
Journal of neurology, 230(4), 217-225 (1983-01-01)
In 14 children with epilepsy, 51 with febrile convulsions and 22 with meningitis gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) concentrations in lumbar CSF were determined. While the mean for CSF GABA concentrations for all epileptic children was unchanged [144 (range: 73-285) pmol/ml; controls:
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