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Showing 1-30 of 229 results for "B5556" within Papers
Sungsin Jo et al.
Journal of rheumatic diseases, 28(4), 216-224 (2021-10-01)
This study aimed to determine the serum Dickkopf 1 (DKK1) levels in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients and decipher the mechanism of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated DKK1 regulation in human AS enthesis cells. The sera were obtained from 103 patients with
Jung Eun Nam et al.
Life sciences, 254, 117742-117742 (2020-05-04)
Baicalin, a flavonoid glycoside substance extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to exhibit multiple therapeutic properties owing to its anti-inflammatory effect. Diabetes is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, inflammation and oxidative stress, which promote renal fibrosis and kidney failure.
Jialin Jia et al.
International immunopharmacology, 78, 106004-106004 (2019-11-30)
Butyrate has multiple protective effects in inflammation-related intestinal diseases. Previous studies have found that butyrate could inhibit inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation is a pivotal inducement in the degeneration progress of the intervertebral disc. The anti-inflammatory treatment has an apparent
Chuen-Mao Yang et al.
Biomolecules, 10(3) (2020-03-04)
Mevastatin (MVS) has been previously shown to induce heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through Nox/ROS-dependent PDGFRα/PI3K/Akt/Nrf2/ARE axis in human pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs). However, alternative signaling pathways might involve in MVS-induced HO-1 expression. We found that tumor necrosis factor α
Guoping Cheng et al.
OncoTargets and therapy, 9, 7563-7571 (2016-12-23)
α-Catenin is an important molecule involved in the maintenance of cell-cell adhesion and a prognostic marker in cancer since its expression is essential for preventing cancer metastasis. However, the mechanism that leads to the downregulation of α-catenin in cancer progression
María M Leal-Lasarte et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 31(7), 2797-2816 (2017-03-25)
Dysregulated microglial responses are central in neurodegenerative proteinopathies, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar disease (FTLD). Pathologic TDP-43, which is typically found in intracellular inclusions, is a misfolding protein with emerging roles in ALS and FTLD. Recently, TDP-43
Y Yu et al.
Molecular oral microbiology, 30(4), 295-306 (2015-01-21)
Porphyromonas endodontalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is considered to be correlated with the progression of bone resorption in periodontal and periapical diseases. Wnt5a has recently been implicated in inflammatory processes, but its role is unclear as a P. endodontalis LPS-induced mediator in
Dylan J Fehl et al.
Virus research, 228, 14-23 (2016-11-21)
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) matrix (M) protein mutants have been studied as oncolytic agents due to their capacity to effectively kill cancer cells while exhibiting low virulence in vivo. Despite encouraging results, many cancer cells maintain resistance to oncolytic VSV
Do-Wan Kim et al.
Cells, 9(6) (2020-06-19)
Curcumin, a hydrophobic polyphenol derived from turmeric, has been used a food additive and as a herbal medicine for the treatment of various diseases, but the clinical application of curcumin is restricted by its poor aqueous solubility and its low
Yiqing Pan et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 12366-12366 (2017-09-30)
MAP phosphatases (MKP)-1 acts as an important regulator of innate immune response through a mechanism of control and attention both MAPK and NF-κB molecules during bacterial infection. However, the regulatory role of MKP-1 in the interplay between MAPK and NFκB
Rushan Fei et al.
Oncology reports, 38(5), 2619-2628 (2017-09-14)
Considerable evidence has implied that α7 nicotinic receptor subtypes play an important role in chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain signaling. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of endogenous α7nAChR signaling in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in
Han Liu et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 21(12), 1354-1365 (2016-10-28)
There are several factors, like oxidative stress and neurons loss, involving neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). The combination of antioxidant and anti-apoptotic agent is becoming a promising approach to fight against PD. This study evaluates the hypothesis that
Jack H Brelstaff et al.
Science advances, 7(43), eabg4980-eabg4980 (2021-10-21)
The microtubule-associated protein tau aggregates in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, causing inflammation and changing the inflammatory signature of microglia by unknown mechanisms. We have shown that microglia phagocytose live neurons containing tau aggregates cultured from P301S tau mice due to neuronal
Qiang Mao et al.
Parasitology research, 114(2), 659-670 (2014-11-22)
Clonorchiasis, caused by direct and continuous contact with Clonorchis sinensis, is associated with hepatobiliary damage, inflammation, periductal fibrosis, and the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Hepatic stellate cells respond to liver injury through production of proinflammatory mediators which drive fibrogenesis; however, their
Stephen Zewinger et al.
Nature immunology, 21(1), 30-41 (2019-12-11)
NLRP3-inflammasome-driven inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases. Identification of endogenous inflammasome activators is essential for the development of new anti-inflammatory treatment strategies. Here, we identified that apolipoprotein C3 (ApoC3) activates the NLRP3 inflammasome in human
Sadia Salahuddin et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 208-208 (2019-01-20)
Epstein-Barr Virus latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) interacts with the SUMO-conjugating enzyme Ubc9, which induces protein sumoylation and may contribute to LMP1-mediated oncogenesis. After analyzing human lymphoma tissues and EBV-positive cell lines, we now document a strong correlation between LMP1 and
Kouji Ohta et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 16(5), 6850-6857 (2017-09-14)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α and interferon (IFN)‑γ, are inflammatory cytokines in the synovial fluid of patients with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). However, it remains unknown whether they participate in the regulation of various chemokine expression levels associated with TMD. The effects of TNF‑α
Prachya Kongtawelert et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(2) (2020-01-16)
Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is overexpressed in the most aggressive breast cancer subtype, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), assisting the eradication of antitumor immunity, and thereby enhancing the survival of the tumor. This study explored how hesperidin affects PD-L1 expression
Laura E Felley et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 197(6), 2455-2464 (2016-08-19)
The cytokine IL-1β plays a central role in inflammatory responses that are initiated by microbial challenges, as well as in those that are due to endogenous processes (often called sterile inflammation). IL-1β secretion that occurs independently of microbial stimulation is
Robin B Guevarra et al.
PloS one, 16(1), e0239792-e0239792 (2021-01-07)
Pantoea agglomerans is a Gram-negative facultative anaerobic bacillus causing a wide range of opportunistic infections in humans including septicemia, pneumonia, septic arthritis, wound infections and meningitis. To date, the determinants of virulence, antibiotic resistance, metabolic features conferring survival and host-associated
Yuta Onodera et al.
FEBS open bio, 5, 492-501 (2015-06-26)
Oxidative stress within the arthritis joint has been indicated to be involved in generating mediators for tissue degeneration and inflammation. COX-2 is a mediator in inflammatory action, pain and some catabolic reactions in inflamed tissues. Here, we demonstrated a direct
Pin Wan et al.
Virulence, 13(1), 502-513 (2022-03-19)
NLRP3 inflammasome mainly controls interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion, leading to cell death called pyroptosis constituting a major antiviral host defense and inflammatory diseases upon viral infection. The RAF-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 cascade and downstream c-Jun/Fos and Activator protein-1 (AP1) signaling pathway control the degree
Hua-Hao Fan et al.
Chinese medical journal, 133(9), 1051-1056 (2020-03-10)
Medicines for the treatment of 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections are urgently needed. However, drug screening using live 2019-nCoV requires high-level biosafety facilities, which imposes an obstacle for those institutions without such facilities or 2019-nCoV. This study aims to repurpose the
Manoj K Puthia et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(3), 435-443 (2007-12-25)
Blastocystis is a ubiquitous enteric protozoan found in the intestinal tracts of humans and a wide range of animals. Evidence accumulated over the last decade suggests association of Blastocystis with gastrointestinal disorders involving diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and fatigue.
Jie Han et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 120(9), 14735-14744 (2019-04-23)
Obesity is a major contributor to the development of steatohepatitis and fibrosis from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Hypoxia aggravates progression of NAFLD. In mice on high-fat diet (HFD), hepatic steatosis leads to liver tissue hypoxia, evidenced by accumulation of
Ga Bin Park et al.
Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 19(5), 1042-1054 (2015-03-11)
Toll-like receptor-3 (TLR3) and RNA helicase retinoic-acid-inducible protein-1 (RIG-I) serve as cytoplasmic sensors for viral RNA components. In this study, we investigated how the TLR3 and RIG-I signalling pathway was stimulated by viral infection to produce interleukin (IL)-32-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokines
Liliana M Sanmarco et al.
Nature, 611(7937), 801-809 (2022-10-21)
Genome-wide association studies have identified risk loci linked to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)1-a complex chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The increasing prevalence of IBD in industrialized countries and the augmented disease risk observed in migrants who move into
Atul Kumar et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 9535-9535 (2017-08-27)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by abnormal proliferation of myeloid cells which when untreated leads to bone marrow failure. Imatinib mesylate (IM) is the first line of therapy for treatment of CML and results in remission in most cases.
Kiram Lee et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 24(10) (2019-05-30)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major inflammatory lung disease characterized by irreversible and progressive airflow obstruction. Although corticosteroids are often used to reduce inflammation, steroid therapies are insufficient in patients with refractory COPD. Both serum amyloid A (SAA)
Gang Wang et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 39(1), 183-190 (2016-12-03)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lethal interstitial lung disease with unknown etiology. Recent studies have indicated that heat-shock protein 27 (HSP27) contributes to the pathogenesis of IPF through the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the expression and role of HSP27 in
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