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Showing 1-30 of 58 results for "C2394" within Papers
E Boselli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 917(1-2), 239-244 (2001-06-14)
Pressurized liquid extraction (PLE, ASE) was compared with the Folch procedure (a solid-liquid extraction with chloroform/methanol 2:1, v/v) for the lipid extraction of egg-containing food; the accuracy of PLE for the quantitative determination of oxysterols in whole egg powder was
Jiahn-Dar Huang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1821(4), 637-646 (2012-02-22)
Sterculic acid is a cyclopropene fatty acid with numerous biological activities. In this study we demonstrate that sterculic acid is a potent inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and related inflammation caused by 7-ketocholesterol (7KCh). 7KCh is a highly toxic
Monika Ostrowska et al.
Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska, 45(6), 600-603 (2012-01-04)
A 34-year-old patient demonstrating pyramidal and cerebellar signs, accompanied by epilepsy, peripheral neuropathy, mental retardation and bilateral cataract was diagnosed with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis based on the clinical picture, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and serum sterol analysis. Tendon xanthomas
Juan Amaral et al.
PloS one, 8(2), e56099-e56099 (2013-02-15)
Accumulation of 7-Ketocholesterol (7KCh) in lipid deposits has been implicated in a variety of chronic diseases including atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and age-related macular degeneration. 7KCh is known to be pro-inflammatory and cytotoxic to various types of cultured cells but little
Vesa M Olkkonen
Current opinion in lipidology, 23(5), 462-470 (2012-07-21)
To offer a comprehensive review on the roles that oxysterols synthesized or engulfed by macrophages, or oxysterol-binding proteins in these cells, play in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Oxysterols abundant within the plaque have the capacity to potentiate
Charlotte Schrader et al.
Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 16(10), 2331-2341 (2012-02-07)
A number of cardioprotective effects, including the reduced oxidation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles, have been attributed to dietary soy isoflavones. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1), an enzyme mainly synthesized in the liver, may exhibit anti-atherogenic activity by protecting LDL from
Lee D Chaves et al.
JCI insight, 6(11) (2021-04-30)
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease suffer from increased cardiovascular events and cardiac mortality. Prior studies have demonstrated that a portion of this enhanced risk can be attributed to the accumulation of microbiota-derived toxic metabolites, with
Linda Ahonen et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1364, 214-222 (2014-09-11)
We have developed an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-tandem mass spectrometric (UHPLC-APPI-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous quantitative analyses of several oxysterols and vitamin D metabolites in mouse brain and cell line samples. An UHPLC-APPI-high resolution mass spectrometric (UHPLC-APPI-HRMS) method that
Birgit Scholz et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1396, 98-108 (2015-04-22)
A novel methodology for the automated qualitative and quantitative determination of phytosterol oxidation products in enriched foods via on-line liquid chromatography-gas chromatography (LC-GC) was established. The approach is based on the LC pre-separation of acetylated phytosterols and their corresponding oxides
Guangpu Shi et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(3), 1658-1664 (2015-02-14)
The inflammatory process plays a major role in the pathogenesis of AMD, and recent data indicate the involvement of inflammasomes. Inflammasomes are intracellular structures that trigger inflammation by producing mature interleukin-(IL)-1β and IL-18. This study examined the capacity of 7-ketocholesterol
Yun Wang et al.
Atherosclerosis, 223(2), 299-305 (2012-07-04)
Oxidized sterols are toxic to endothelial cells and play a central role in promoting atherogenesis. In this study, we evaluated the impact of anthocyanin, a class of flavonoid compounds, on oxysterol efflux from endothelial cells and the underlying mechanism. The
Tijana Mitić et al.
Biochimie, 95(3), 548-555 (2012-09-04)
The atherogenic 7-oxysterols, 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC) and 7β-hydroxycholesterol (7βOHC), can directly impair arterial function. Inter-conversion of 7-KC and 7βOHC has recently been shown as a novel role for the glucocorticoid-metabolizing enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1). Since this enzyme is expressed
Luisa Tesoriere et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 110(2), 230-240 (2012-12-12)
7-Ketocholesterol (7-KC)-induced apoptosis of macrophages is considered a key event in the development of human atheromas. In the present study, the effect of indicaxanthin (Ind), a bioactive pigment from cactus pear fruit, on 7-KC-induced apoptosis of human monocyte/macrophage THP-1 cells
Ricardo A García et al.
PloS one, 8(2), e53192-e53192 (2013-02-06)
Chronic glucocorticoid excess has been linked to increased atherosclerosis and general cardiovascular risk in humans. The enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) increases active glucocorticoid levels within tissues by catalyzing the conversion of cortisone to cortisol. Pharmacological inhibition of 11βHSD1
Raya Sorkin et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 29(16), 2005-2011 (2018-06-22)
A large number of studies demonstrate that cell mechanics and pathology are intimately linked. In particular, deformability of red blood cells (RBCs) is key to their function and is dramatically altered in the time course of diseases such as anemia
C Adcox et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 49(4), 2090-2095 (2001-04-20)
The cytotoxicity of cholesterol and a mixture of beta-sitosterol/campesterol (50%/40%) and their oxides was examined in a cultured-derived macrophage cell line, C57BL/6. Cell numbers, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, protein content, lipid uptake, and mitochondria dehydrogenase activity were determined after exposure
Muhammad I Khan et al.
Lipids in health and disease, 14, 89-89 (2015-08-12)
Cholesterol is an important biological compound; however, its oxidation products have been proven to be harmful to human health. Cooking, storage, and reheating methods significantly affect the safety of meat products, as they contribute to the production of cholesterol oxidation
Corina Rosales et al.
Atherosclerosis, 239(1), 224-231 (2015-01-27)
The cluster of differentiation-1d (CD1d) recognizes and presents the lipid antigens to NK-T lymphocytes. Atherosclerotic lesions contain atherogenic lipids, mainly cholesterol and its oxides. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is also known to exist in atherosclerotic lesions, participating in regulation of
Maciej Chalubinski et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 69, 289-293 (2014-04-15)
The intestinal epithelium is exposed to oxygenated cholesterol products present in foodstuffs. In vitro studies demonstrate the effect of oxysterols on cytokine release by intestinal cells cultured alone. However, physiologically, the response of the intestinal epithelium to external agents occurs
Steve Catarino et al.
Acta ophthalmologica, 90(4), e255-e263 (2012-02-09)
This study aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of IL-8 production by several oxysterols in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. A human cell line from RPE (ARPE-19) was used to test the role of cholesterol and
Lucy D Rutherford et al.
Lipids, 47(3), 239-247 (2011-11-30)
The growth of the necrotic core region within advanced atherosclerotic plaque is thought to be driven by oxidised low density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced death of macrophage cells. OxLDL and atherosclerotic plaque are rich in oxysterols, especially 7-ketocholesterol (7KC). As 7KC triggers
Alessandro Pristerà et al.
PloS one, 7(8), e40079-e40079 (2012-08-08)
Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) play a key role in the initiation and propagation of action potentials in neurons. Na(V)1.8 is a tetrodotoxin (TTX) resistant VGSC expressed in nociceptors, peripheral small-diameter neurons able to detect noxious stimuli. Na(V)1.8 underlies the vast
Yonghae Son et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 60(2), 199-207 (2012-05-25)
Atherosclerotic plaque contains materials, such as cholesterol, oxysterols, cell debris, modified fatty acids, and infiltrated cells. Among them, cholesterol is the major component in plaque. Cholesterol is known to originate from the influx of extracellular materials, but this explanation is
Linghong Shen et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 176(14), 2559-2572 (2019-04-04)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, and retinoid X receptor-α (RXRα) is an intriguing anti-atherosclerosis target. This study investigated whether and how an RXRα modulator, K-80003, derived from a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug attenuates atherosclerotic plaque progression and destabilization. Our previously
Francesca Luchetti et al.
Steroids, 99(Pt B), 204-211 (2015-02-24)
7-Ketocholesterol and 5,6-secosterol are cholesterol autoxidation products generated under oxidative stress by two distinct mechanisms. They are present in atherosclerotic plaques and are candidate players in the disease initiation and progression. While 7-ketocholesterol affects at cellular level, in particular apoptosis
Ming Xu et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1833(12), 3228-3236 (2013-10-08)
Autophagic flux is an important process during autophagy maturation in coronary arterial myocytes (CAMs). Here, we defined the role and molecular mechanism of the motor protein dynein in the regulation of autophagic flux in CAMs. In mouse CAMs, dynein protein
Aline Yammine et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(10) (2020-05-18)
The brain, which is a cholesterol-rich organ, can be subject to oxidative stress in a variety of pathophysiological conditions, age-related diseases and some rare pathologies. This can lead to the formation of 7-ketocholesterol (7KC), a toxic derivative of cholesterol mainly
Rodrigo T Iborra et al.
Lipids in health and disease, 10, 172-172 (2011-10-01)
Advanced glycation end products (AGE) alter lipid metabolism and reduce the macrophage expression of ABCA-1 and ABCG-1 which impairs the reverse cholesterol transport, a system that drives cholesterol from arterial wall macrophages to the liver, allowing its excretion into the
Rapid analysis of oxidized cholesterol derivatives by high-performance liquid chromatography combined with diode-array ultraviolet and evaporative laser light-scattering detection
Osada K et al
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 76, 863-871 (1999)
Gabriel López-García et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 68(7), 1862-1870 (2019-07-11)
Plant sterol (PS) (1 g/100 mL) enriched milk-based fruit beverages with or without galactooligosaccharides (GOS) (1.8 g/100 mL) were used in differentiated Caco-2 cells. Their potential cytopreventive effect against oxidative stress induced by cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) and their anti-inflammatory
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