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Soft Magnetic Nanocrystalline Alloys: Materials and Models
Magnetic materials permeate numerous daily activities in our lives. They are essential components of a diversity of products including hard drives that reliably store information on our computers, decorative magnets that keep the shopping list attached to the refrigerator door
Advanced Materials for Magnetic Cooling
Today, near-room-temperature refrigeration is almost entirely based on a vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.
Combinatorial Materials Science for Energy Applications
Can there be an effective strategy for finding breakthrough materials, since they are, by definition, unpredictable? One answer is found in Combinatorial Materials Science techniques, which represent a powerful approach to identifying new and unexpected materials.
Materials for Clean H2 Production from Bioethanol Reforming
Hydrogen is one of the most important resources in providing food, fuel, and chemical products for our everyday life. Sustainable catalytic hydrogen production from bioethanol has gained significant attention in recent years due to globally diminishing fossil fuel supplies, which
Synthesis of Melting Gels Using Mono-Substituted and Di-Substituted Alkoxysiloxanes
Synthesis of Melting Gels Using Mono-Substituted and Di-Substituted Alkoxysiloxanes
The Progress in Development of Dental Restorative Materials
With dentists placing nearly 100 million dental fillings into patients′ teeth annually in the U.S. alone, polymeric composite restoratives account for a very large share of the biomaterials market.
Intermetallic Hydrides with High Dissociation Pressure
The rates of reaction for intermetallic compounds differ significantly from those for individual metals, and therefore, intermetallic hydrides are prospective materials for hydrogen storage and distribution.
Lanthanide Ions as Photon Managers for Solar Cells
Spectral conversion for solar cells is an emerging concept in the field of photovoltaics, and it has the potential to increase significantly the efficiency of solar cells. Lanthanide ions are ideal candidates for spectral conversion, due to their high luminescence
Biomedical Implant Devices Fabricated from Low Young’s Modulus Titanium Alloys Demonstrating High Mechanical Biocompatibility
Biomedical implants are essentially foreign substances within the human body that must survive many years’ exposure to demanding mechanical and physiological conditions. Despite these challenges, metal implants have been widely used to substitute for or rebuild hard tissues such as
Self-Propagating Reactions Induced by Mechanical Alloying
An article concerning self-propagating reactions induced by mechanical alloying, presented by Sigma-Aldrich.com.
Magnetic Materials: Superconductors
Tutorial on superconductors as alternative energy sources.
The PCTPro-2000 - The Ultimate Tool for Gas Sorption Analysis
Gas sorption analysis is important in many fields of materials science and consumer product development. Some examples of current hot areas of technology involving gas-solid (or gasliquid) interactions include the development of energy storage materials, improved catalysts for petrochemical processing
Discovery and Single Crystal Growth of Lanthanide Intermetallics—Interplay of Synthesis and Physical Properties
Solid state and materials chemistry have made a tremendous impact and have experienced growth in recent years, particularly for rare earthcontaining materials.
Using Activated Carbon as a Precious Metal Catalyst Carrier
Learn how activated carbon is working as a catalyst support and its advantage.
Molecular Layer Deposition of Organic and Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Polymers
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) techniques have emerged in the last ten years to meet various needs including semiconductor device miniaturization, conformal deposition on porous structures and coating of nanoparticles. ALD is based on two sequential self-limiting surface reactions.
Solubility Rules | Solubility of Common Ionic Compounds
Review the solubility rules for common ionic compounds in water and download our solubility rules chart for easy reference. Look up compounds like calcium carbonate, barium sulfate, and sodium sulfate.
Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous, crystalline materials. MOFs are composed of metal ions or clusters bound by multidirectional organic ligands, which act as linkers in the network structure.
Mesoporous Oxides and Their Applications to Hydrogen Storage
Mesoporous materials, such as aerogels, offer advantages for practical hydrogen storage. They have large surface areas, open porosity, small pore sizes, and the ability to coat the surface with one or more compounds.
Molecular Monolayers on Silicon Surfaces
Molecular monolayers made via reactions of alkenes with H-Si(111) are often referred to as “self-assembled” monolayers on silicon surfaces by analogy with thiol monolayers on gold. These monolayers are chemically robust.
Nanostructured Materials Through Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis
Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP) is effective for preparing a wide array of materials and is scalable and continuous. Nanomaterials prepared by USP include nanoporous metal oxides and sulfides, nanocomposites, semiconductor quantum dots, and conductive metal inks.
Sol-Gel Science for Ceramic Materials
Research involving reactive silicone chemistry has focused on the production of pure silicon and hybrid materials, hydrosilylation, ring-opening and atom transfer polymerizations, polymerizations with controlled stereochemistry, and condensation reactions.
Nanostructured Olivine-based Cathode Materials for Lithium-ion Batteries
Due to the adverse impact of the continued use of fossil fuels on the earth’s environment and climate, researchers have been asked to develop new approaches for producing power using renewable sources like wind and solar energy
Innovative Materials for Glass Ionomer Cements (GICs): Dental Applications
Innovation in dental restorative materials is driven by the need for biocompatible and natural-appearing restoration alternatives. Conventional dental materials like amalgam and composite resins have inherent disadvantages.
Recent Progress in Spintronic Materials
Spin-based electronic (spintronic) devices offer significant improvement to the limits of conventional charge-based memory and logic devices which suffer from high power usage, leakage current, performance saturation, and device complexity.
Energy Harvesting Using Lead Zirconium Titanate-Based Ceramic Nanowires
Among various ceramics, one-dimensional (1-D) piezoelectric ceramics have attracted significant scientific attention for use in energy harvesting.
Magnetic Properties of Materials
Tutorial on the properties of magnetic materials.
The Rare Earth Crisis—The Supply/Demand Situation for 2010–2015
The rare earth elements impact nearly everyone in the world. All of the people living in advanced technological countries and almost all those living in third world countries utilize the rare earths in their everyday living—the car that one drives
Molybdenum Disulfide: Understanding Hydrogen Evolution Catalysis
The production of hydrogen by catalytic water splitting is important for a wide range of industries including renewable energy petroleum refining and for the production of methanol and ammonia in the chemical industry.
Silicides: Promising Thermoelectric Materials
Higher transition metal silicides are very well-suited for anisotropic thermoelectric conversion. Essential anisotropy of the Seebeck coefficient, together with good mechanical properties, allows production of reliable anisotropic thermoelectric converters.
Complex Hydrides: A New Category of Solid-state Lithium Fast-ion Conductors
Research and development of solid-state lithium fast-ion conductors is crucial because they can be potentially used as solid electrolytes in all-solid-state batteries, which may solve the safety and energy-density related issues of conventional lithium-ion batteries that use liquid (farmable organic)
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