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Showing 1-30 of 75 results for "P1847" within Papers
Manuel Valero et al.
Nature neuroscience, 18(9), 1281-1290 (2015-07-28)
Sharp-wave ripples represent a prominent synchronous activity pattern in the mammalian hippocampus during sleep and immobility. GABAergic interneuronal types are silenced or fire during these events, but the mechanism of pyramidal cell (PC) participation remains elusive. We found opposite membrane
Jung Ho Hyun et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(16), 3617-3643 (2015-06-06)
We investigated the cellular mechanisms underlying mossy fibre-induced heterosynaptic long-term potentiation of perforant path (PP) inputs to CA3 pyramidal cells. Here we show that this heterosynaptic potentiation is mediated by downregulation of Kv1.2 channels. The downregulation of Kv1.2 preferentially enhanced
Lauren M Hablitz et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(45), 14957-14965 (2015-11-13)
Melatonin supplementation has been used as a therapeutic agent for several diseases, yet little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which melatonin synchronizes circadian rhythms. G-protein signaling plays a large role in melatonin-induced phase shifts of locomotor behavior and
Julia Hasreiter et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 306(12), C1200-C1213 (2014-04-25)
In the central nervous system, L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (LTCCs) come in two isoforms, namely Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 channels. It has been shown previously that these channels differ in biophysical properties, in subcellular localization, and in the coupling to the
Kechun Yang et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(48), 15888-15897 (2014-11-28)
Although evidence suggests that DA modulates hippocampal function, the mechanisms underlying that dopaminergic modulation are largely unknown. Using perforated-patch electrophysiological techniques to maintain the intracellular milieu, we investigated how the activation of D1-type DA receptors regulates spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP)
Michael T Rose et al.
Planta, 236(4), 959-973 (2012-04-25)
Plants are routinely subjected to multiple environmental stresses that constrain growth. Zinc (Zn) deficiency and high bicarbonate are two examples that co-occur in many soils used for rice production. Here, the utility of metabolomics in diagnosing the effect of each
Anjana Gulani et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 4(4), CD006639-CD006639 (2012-04-20)
Otitis media (OM) is inflammation of the middle ear and is usually caused by infection. It affects people of all ages but is particularly common in young children. Around 164 million people worldwide have long-term hearing loss caused by this
Nobuko Ohashi et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13458-13458 (2015-08-22)
Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic agent widely used to reduce blood loss during surgery. However, a serious adverse effect of TXA is seizure due to inhibition of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine receptors in cortical neurons. These receptors are
Xia Lian et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 93(6), 873-881 (2015-01-24)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is one of the nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases critical for the dynamic regulation of cell adhesion structures. Recent studies have demonstrated that FAK is also localized at excitatory glutamatergic synapses and is involved in long-term modification
Óttar Rolfsson et al.
The Biochemical journal, 449(2), 427-435 (2012-10-17)
Metabolic network reconstructions define metabolic information within a target organism and can therefore be used to address incomplete metabolic information. In the present study we used a computational approach to identify human metabolites whose metabolism is incomplete on the basis
Hongwei Yu et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(42), 14086-14102 (2015-10-23)
The sensation of touch is initiated when fast conducting low-threshold mechanoreceptors (Aβ-LTMRs) generate impulses at their terminals in the skin. Plasticity in this system is evident in the process of adaption, in which a period of diminished sensitivity follows prior
Tobias Klein et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 110(2), 535-542 (2012-08-14)
Chemostat cultivation is a powerful tool for physiological studies of microorganisms. We report the construction and application of a set of eight parallel small-scale bioreactors with a working volume of 10 mL for continuous cultivation. Hungate tubes were used as culture
T Shigeta et al.
Transplantation proceedings, 44(4), 946-947 (2012-05-09)
Grafts from donation after cardiac death (DCD) will greatly contribute to the expand the donor pool. However, these grafts may require the development of the preservation methods because of primary nonfunction and severe ischemic bile duct injury. Porcine livers were
J A Rubiolo et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(7), 1119-1134 (2014-08-27)
Gambierol is a marine polycyclic ether toxin, produced along with ciguatoxin congeners by the dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus. We have recently reported that two truncated skeletal analogs of gambierol comprising the EFGH- and BCDEFGH-rings of the parent compound showed similar potency
L Rajendran et al.
The Journal of membrane biology, 246(2), 121-129 (2012-11-03)
The mathematical model of Abdekhodaie and Wu (J Membr Sci 335:21-31, 2009) of glucose-responsive composite membranes for closed-loop insulin delivery is discussed. The glucose composite membrane contains nanoparticles of an anionic polymer, glucose oxidase and catalase embedded in a hydrophobic
Assembly and operation of the autopatcher for automated intracellular neural recording in vivo
Kodandaramaiah SB, et al.
Nature Protocols, 11(4), 634-634 (2016)
Nehemiah Cox et al.
PloS one, 7(9), e45674-e45674 (2012-10-03)
Excessive NaCl intake is associated with a variety of fibrosing diseases such as renal and cardiac fibrosis. This association has been attributed to increased blood pressure as the result of high NaCl intake. However, studies in patients with high NaCl
Rita Wegmüller et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 144(2), 132-136 (2013-11-22)
The water-soluble zinc salts gluconate, sulfate, and acetate are commonly used as supplements in tablet or syrup form to prevent zinc deficiency and to treat diarrhea in children in combination with oral rehydration. Zinc citrate is an alternative compound with
Carole Poiraud et al.
European journal of dermatology : EJD, 22(5), 634-639 (2012-08-03)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a large family of peptides implicated in innate immunity, especially in the epidermis. Zinc gluconate has been proven to be efficient to treat inflammatory dermatoses, such as acne vulgaris. The aim of our work was to
Daniel Jenson et al.
Neuropharmacology, 90, 23-32 (2014-12-03)
Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in children. Methylphenidate (MPH, e.g., Ritalin) has been used to treat ADHD for over 50 years. It is the most commonly prescribed treatment for ADHD, and in
Esther Krook-Magnuson et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(10), 2379-2388 (2015-03-11)
The dentate gyrus is a region subject to intense study in epilepsy because of its posited role as a 'gate', acting to inhibit overexcitation in the hippocampal circuitry through its unique synaptic, cellular and network properties that result in relatively
Takanori Nihira et al.
FEBS letters, 587(21), 3556-3561 (2013-09-24)
A novel phosphorylase was characterized as new member of glycoside hydrolase family 94 from the cellulolytic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris and the fungus Neurospora crassa. The enzyme catalyzed reversible phosphorolysis of cellobionic acid. We propose 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-D-gluconic acid: phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase as the
Jason Aoto et al.
Nature neuroscience, 18(7), 997-1007 (2015-06-02)
α- and β-neurexins are presynaptic cell-adhesion molecules whose general importance for synaptic transmission is well documented. The specific functions of neurexins, however, remain largely unknown because no conditional neurexin knockouts are available and targeting all α- and β-neurexins produced by
Tricia H Smith et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 87(4), 747-765 (2015-02-07)
Cannabinoid CB1 receptors (CB1Rs) mediate the presynaptic effects of endocannabinoids in the central nervous system (CNS) and most behavioral effects of exogenous cannabinoids. Cannabinoid receptor-interacting protein 1a (CRIP1a) binds to the CB1R C-terminus and can attenuate constitutive CB1R-mediated inhibition of
Carsten H Tischbirek et al.
Cell reports, 27(5), 1319-1326 (2019-05-03)
The cerebral cortex is organized in vertical columns that contain neurons with similar functions. The cellular micro-architecture of such columns is an essential determinant of brain dynamics and cortical information processing. However, a detailed understanding of columns is incomplete, even
A Mariette Lenselink et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(25), 15635-15645 (2015-04-26)
The inbred strains C57BL/6J and DBA/2J (DBA) display striking differences in a number of behavioral tasks depending on hippocampal function, such as contextual memory. Historically, this has been explained through differences in postsynaptic protein expression underlying synaptic transmission and plasticity.
Jihwan Lee et al.
Science advances, 6(43) (2020-10-25)
Unraveling the genetic and epigenetic determinants of phenotypes is critical for understanding and re-engineering biology and would benefit from improved methods to separate cells based on phenotypes. Here, we report SPOTlight, a versatile high-throughput technique to isolate individual yeast or
Fiona Jasson et al.
Experimental dermatology, 22(9), 587-592 (2013-08-21)
Acne is a chronic inflammatory illness of the pilosebaceous follicle where innate immunity plays a central role. In acne, the density of Propionibacterium acnes is increased in the pilosebaceous unit. We hypothesized that the severity of acne is not only
Jeffrey E Nowak et al.
Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies, 13(5), e323-e329 (2012-07-05)
We previously demonstrated that altered zinc homeostasis is an important feature of pediatric sepsis, thus raising the possibility of zinc supplementation as a therapeutic strategy in sepsis. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that prophylactic zinc supplementation would be beneficial in
David E Ehrlich et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 40(9), 2135-2145 (2015-02-27)
Prenatal stress (PS) is a risk factor for neurodevelopmental disorders with diverse ages of onset and socioemotional symptoms. Some PS-linked disorders involve characteristic social deficits, such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia, but PS also promotes anxiety disorders. We propose
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