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Showing 1-30 of 10902 results for "S0817" within Papers
Mats Wiedemann et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(10), 19085-19100 (2015-10-23)
The glucose-lowering effects of lupin seeds involve the combined action of several components. The present study investigates the influence of one of the main quinolizidine alkaloids, lupanine, on pancreatic beta cells and in an animal model of type-2 diabetes mellitus.
C Vogne et al.
Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 20(12), O1106-O1112 (2014-06-17)
Carbapenemases should be accurately and rapidly detected, given their possible epidemiological spread and their impact on treatment options. Here, we developed a simple, easy and rapid matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF)-based assay to detect carbapenemases and compared this
L Kubáč et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 481(1-2), 91-96 (2015-02-07)
The aim of the study was the comparison of photo-activity of three types of titanium dioxide (TiO2) micro-dispersions intended for use as UV filters for cosmetic sunscreen products. The dispersions were also investigated with regard to their influence on the
Ianai Fishbein et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 12), 3235-3247 (2014-10-30)
The involvement of the protein α-synuclein (SNCA) in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease is strongly supported by the facts that (i) missense and copy number mutations in the SNCA gene can cause inherited Parkinson's disease; and (ii) Lewy bodies in
Hannah Nguyen et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(22), 13641-13653 (2015-04-01)
SMYD2 is a lysine methyltransferase that catalyzes the monomethylation of several protein substrates including p53. SMYD2 is overexpressed in a significant percentage of esophageal squamous primary carcinomas, and that overexpression correlates with poor patient survival. However, the mechanism(s) by which
Daniel E Vazquez et al.
Innate immunity, 21(5), 477-489 (2014-09-18)
Sepsis is a major healthcare problem and a leading cause of death worldwide. There is no dependable diagnosis, and treatment for this condition remains mainly supportive. The etiology of sepsis is related to an overwhelming inflammatory response. In this regard
Hideaki Mabashi-Asazuma et al.
Insect biochemistry and molecular biology, 65, 20-27 (2015-07-15)
The silkworm silk glands are powerful secretory organs that can produce and secrete proteins at high levels. As such, it has been suggested that the biosynthetic and secretory power of the silk gland can be harnessed to produce and secrete
Jinggeng Zhou et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 66(11), 3353-3366 (2015-04-16)
Regulating the intensity and duration of immune responses is crucial to combat infections without deleterious side effects. Arabidopsis FLS2, the receptor for bacterial flagellin, activates immune signalling by association with its partner BAK1. Upon flagellin (flg22) perception, the plant U-box
Pankaj Kumar et al.
Veterinary research, 46, 79-79 (2015-07-15)
Turkey adenovirus 3 (TAdV-3) causes high mortality and significant economic losses to the turkey industry. However, little is known about the molecular determinants required for viral replication and pathogenesis. Moreover, TAdV-3 does not grow well in cell culture, thus detailed
Priyadarsini Kumar et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135089-e0135089 (2015-08-13)
Trophoblast differentiation during early placental development is critical for successful pregnancy and aberrant differentiation causes preeclampsia and early pregnancy loss. During the first trimester, cytotrophoblasts are exposed to low oxygen tension (equivalent to~2%-3% O2) and differentiation proceeds along an extravillous
Sandra Blanchet et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(6), 3298-3308 (2015-03-05)
In eukaryotes, translation termination is performed by eRF1, which recognizes stop codons via its N-terminal domain. Many previous studies based on point mutagenesis, cross-linking experiments or eRF1 chimeras have investigated the mechanism by which the stop signal is decoded by
Eric Lam et al.
Journal of virology, 88(24), 14426-14439 (2014-10-10)
The cGAS/STING DNA sensing complex has recently been established as a predominant pathogen recognition receptor (PRR) for DNA-directed type I interferon (IFN) innate immune activation. Using replication-defective adenovirus vectors and replication-competent wild-type adenovirus, we have modeled the influence of the
Andrew Holzman et al.
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery, 41(5), 1044-1049 (2015-05-04)
To evaluate the incidence of epithelial disruptions during primary laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with the use of a preoperative hyperosmotic treatment comprising sodium chloride 5% ophthalmic ointment (Muro-128) and to identify the incidence of epithelial disruptions in various demographic
Yoshiaki Yamamoto et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 21(21), 4845-4855 (2015-06-25)
Lipid nanoparticle (LNP) formulations facilitate tumor uptake and intracellular processing through an enhanced permeation and retention effect (EPR), and currently multiple products are undergoing clinical evaluation. Clusterin (CLU) is a cytoprotective chaperone induced by androgen receptor (AR) pathway inhibition to
Shuhong Guo et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(10), 4999-5010 (2015-10-16)
Gut-derived bacterial LPS plays an essential role in inducing intestinal and systemic inflammatory responses and have been implicated as a pathogenic factor in necrotizing enterocolitis and inflammatory bowel disease. The defective intestinal tight junction barrier was shown to be an
Taylor Eddens et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(1), 185-193 (2015-05-23)
Pneumocystis pneumonia remains a common opportunistic infection in the diverse immunosuppressed population. One clear risk factor for susceptibility to Pneumocystis is a declining CD4(+) T cell count in the setting of HIV/AIDS or primary immunodeficiency. Non-HIV-infected individuals taking immunosuppressive drug
Chun-Yi Chiu et al.
Ultrasound in medicine & biology, 41(7), 1842-1852 (2015-04-30)
This study was performed to investigate osteoblastogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) cultured in 3-D scaffolds stimulated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and to identify the underlying mechanism mediated by soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (sRANKL)
Viviane A V N Braga et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0125388-e0125388 (2015-04-30)
Previous studies have shown that estrogen deficiency, arising in postmenopause, promotes endothelial dysfunction. This study evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise training on endothelial dependent vasodilation of aorta in ovariectomized rats, specifically investigating the role of nitric oxide (NO) and
Ilaria Naldi et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98101-e98101 (2014-05-24)
Epigenetic events are critical contributors to the pathogenesis of cancer, and targeting epigenetic mechanisms represents a novel strategy in anticancer therapy. Classic demethylating agents, such as 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (Decitabine), hold the potential for reprograming somatic cancer cells demonstrating high therapeutic efficacy
Xinhui Tian et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16982-16982 (2015-11-21)
Merrillianoid (1), a racemic neolignan possessing the characteristic benzo-2,7-dioxabicyclo[3.2.1]octane moiety, was isolated from the branches and leaves of Illicium merrillianum. Chiral separation of 1 gave two enantiomers (+)-1 and (-)-1. The structure of 1 was established by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis
Tuan Hoang et al.
Bioscience reports, 35(4) (2015-07-17)
Mitochondrial inner membrane uncoupling proteins (UCPs) facilitate transmembrane (TM) proton flux and consequently reduce the membrane potential and ATP production. It has been proposed that the three neuronal human UCPs (UCP2, UCP4 and UCP5) in the central nervous system (CNS)
Yan Sun et al.
Oncology letters, 9(6), 2750-2756 (2015-07-03)
Cervical cancer is the third most common malignancy worldwide, accounting for 250,000 mortalities annually. Notch1, an important regulator of cell-fate decisions and differentiation, has been found to be overexpressed in certain types of cancer. However, the role of Notch1 in
Linbin Zhang et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(3), e1005073-e1005073 (2015-03-31)
Biological diversity on Earth depends on the multiplication of species or speciation, which is the evolution of reproductive isolation such as hybrid sterility between two new species. An unsolved puzzle is the exact mechanism(s) that causes two genomes to diverge
Chun-Chang Yeh et al.
BMC anesthesiology, 15, 92-92 (2015-06-17)
The application of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) close to the dorsal root ganglia, or peripheral nerves, has been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain conditions. The goal of this study was to investigate the analgesic effect
Brenda C O'Connell et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115228-e115228 (2014-12-30)
HSP90 inhibitors are currently undergoing clinical evaluation in combination with antimitotic drugs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but little is known about the cellular effects of this novel drug combination. Therefore, we investigated the molecular mechanism of action of
Niamh E Goulding et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 6, 192-192 (2015-07-16)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is often associated with a disturbed cardiovascular homeostasis. This investigation explored the role of the renal innervation in mediating deranged baroreflex control of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and renal excretory function in cisplatin-induced renal failure.
Lykke Blaabjerg et al.
Journal of molecular endocrinology, 53(3), 417-427 (2014-10-18)
During the development of diabetes β-cells are exposed to elevated concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines, TNFα and IL1β, which in vitro induce β-cell death. The class B G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs): corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRFR1) and CRFR2 are expressed in pancreatic
Lauren A McGinnis et al.
Biology of reproduction, 92(6), 146-146 (2015-04-24)
Vertebrate eggs are arrested at metaphase of meiosis II, a state classically known as cytostatic factor arrest. Maintenance of this arrest until the time of fertilization and then fertilization-induced exit from metaphase II are crucial for reproductive success. Another key
N Okaniwa et al.
Free radical research, 49(1), 35-44 (2014-10-21)
We reported that deficiency of the eNOS protein exacerbates colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS-induced colitis). However, the role of eNOS in colitis remains controversial. Therefore, we studied how over-expression of eNOS affected this inflammatory condition, using vascular endothelial
Mir Ali Farajzadeh et al.
Biomedical chromatography : BMC, 29(12), 1921-1931 (2015-05-28)
In present study, a simultaneous derivatization and air-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction method combined with gas chromatography-nitrogen phosphorous detection has been developed for the determination of some phenolic compounds in biological samples. The analytes are derivatized and extracted simultaneously by a fast
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