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Showing 1-30 of 55 results for "SML0184" within Papers
Jun Niu et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 26(23), 2683-2689 (2012-11-06)
20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 is an active component of Panax ginseng. It is known that 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 has a protective effect against hyperglycemia, obesity and diabetes in vivo, but the precise mechanisms of these actions have not yet been entirely elucidated. A
Po Ying Poon et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 40(1), 120-129 (2011-10-01)
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon ubiquitously existing in the environment. Its metabolites have been shown to cause DNA damage and cellular dysfunction in humans. Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer is a Chinese medicinal herb, and ginsenosides are the main
Lei-Qiong Yang et al.
Biopharmaceutics & drug disposition, 33(8), 425-436 (2012-08-18)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of paclitaxel in combination with 20(s)-ginsenoside Rg3 on its anti-tumour effect in nude mice. In the Caco-2 transport assay, the apparent permeability from the apical side to the basal side
Wei Liu et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 9, 730309-730309 (2021-10-01)
Ginsenoside Rg3 is a steroidal saponin isolated from Panax ginseng. Previous studies have shown that Rg3 treatment downregulates the activity of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity and inhibits the growth of cancer cells. However, the inhibitory effect of Rg3 on
Jia-He Wang et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 35(12), 11985-11994 (2014-08-30)
Ovarian cancer is a serious tumor which represents a great threat to women's health. Recently, researchers had found that 20(s)-ginsenoside Rg3 could inhibit growth of several cancer cell lines; however, the mechanism is not fully understood so far. In the
Eun Ji Joo et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 233, 25-34 (2015-04-01)
Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), a pharmacologically active compound from red ginseng, has been reported to induce cell death in various cancer cell lines, although the specific mechanisms have not been well established. In the present study, Rg3 treatment to A549 human
R M Helliwell et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(13), 3326-3340 (2015-03-11)
The P2X7 receptor is an ATP-gated ion channel predominantly expressed in immune cells and plays a key role in inflammatory processes. Ginseng is a well-known Chinese herb with both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties and many of its actions have been
Sun-Min Park et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 35(9), 1546-1552 (2012-09-15)
Neuroinflammation, characterized by activation of microglia and expression of major inflammatory mediators, contributes to neuronal damage in addition to acute and chronic central nervous system (CNS) disease progression. The present study investigated the immune modulatory effects of ginsenoside Rg3, a
Cheng-Peng Sun et al.
Natural product communications, 7(9), 1155-1156 (2012-10-19)
The ability of fresh lemon (Citrus limon) to convert protopanaxadiol-type saponins into ginsenoside Rg3 was investigated, and the structures of 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 (1) and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 (2) were identified by 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The experiment showed that
Yu-Mi Shin et al.
Molecular biology reports, 40(1), 269-279 (2012-10-12)
Ginsenoside Rg3 is one of ginsenosides that are the well-known bioactive principles of Panax ginseng. Among the two stereoisomeric forms of Rg3, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 [20(S)-Rg3] is predominant. 20(S)-Rg3 is capable of suppressing the nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS)
Jian-Wen Jiang et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 17(31), 3605-3613 (2011-10-12)
To investigate the anti-tumor function of ginsenoside Rg3 on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in vitro and in vivo, and its mechanism. Hep1-6 and HepG2 cells were treated by Rg3 in different concentrations (0, 50, 100 and 200 μg/mL) in vitro. After
Mustafa T Ardah et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 74, 89-101 (2014-12-03)
Compelling evidence indicates that α-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation plays a central role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies. Identification of compounds that inhibit or reverse the aggregation process may thus represent a viable therapeutic strategy against PD
He Zhu et al.
Drug testing and analysis, 7(4), 320-330 (2014-05-24)
Our previous study indicated that sulphur-fumigation of ginseng in post-harvest handling processes could induce chemical transformation of ginsenosides to generate multiple ginsenoside sulphur derivatives. In this study, the influence of sulphur-fumigation on intestinal metabolism and absorption in vivo of ginsenosides
Xiaojie Wei et al.
International immunology, 24(7), 465-471 (2012-03-20)
Our previous investigation demonstrated that ginsenoside Rg3 was active in promotion of the immune response. In this study, two epimers, 20(R)-Rg3 and 20(S)-Rg3, were compared for their adjuvant effects on the immune response against ovalbumin (OVA). BALB/c mice were immunized
Min Wook So et al.
Modern rheumatology, 23(1), 104-111 (2012-03-29)
To explore whether Rg3, a major and especially potent ginsenoside, modulates human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocyte senescence. Isolated chondrocytes were cultured in medium containing interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) with or without Rg3. The expression levels of mRNAs encoding aggrecan (ACAN), a major
Jun-Li Yang et al.
Journal of natural products, 77(7), 1615-1623 (2014-06-28)
During a search for SIRT1 activators originating in nature, three new dammarane triterpenes, 6α,20(S)-dihydroxydammar-3,12-dione-24-ene (1), 6α,20(S),24(S)-trihydroxydammar-3,12-dione-25-ene (2), and 6α,20(S),25-trihydroxydammar-3,12-dione-23-ene (3), as well as two known triterpenes, dammar-20(22),24-diene-3β,6α,12β-triol (4) and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 (5), were isolated from Panax ginseng leaves. Compounds 1
Mengwei Sun et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 441(1), 169-174 (2013-10-22)
Emerging evidence indicates exercise training could mediate mitochondrial quality control through the improvement of mitochondrial dynamics. Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), one of the active ingredients in Panax ginseng, is well known in herbal medicine as a tonic and restorative agent. However
Sung-Jin Yoon et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 463(4), 1184-1189 (2015-06-19)
Ginsenoside Rg3, a specific biological effector, is well-known as a major bioactive ingredient of Panax ginseng. However, its role in the inflammasome activation process remains unclear. In this report, we demonstrate that ginsenosides 20(R)-Rg3 and 20(S)-Rg3 are capable of suppressing
Joong-Hyun Song et al.
PloS one, 15(10), e0240533-e0240533 (2020-10-23)
Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3) has been studied in several cancer models and is suggested to act through various pharmacological effects. We investigated the anticancer properties of Rg3 through myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) modulation in FM3A mouse mammary carcinoma cells. The effects
Jae-Won Kim et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 13(7), 504-515 (2012-03-13)
Accumulating evidence suggests that Ginsenoside Rg3 appears to inhibit tumor growth including Lewis lung carcinoma, intestinal adenocarcinomas or B16 melanoma by inhibiting cell proliferation, tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) appear to play a key role in
Jingang Hou et al.
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology, 28(4), 1807-1811 (2012-07-19)
In the present investigation, we successfully employed a cell-free extract of Esteya vermicola CNU 120806 to convert ginsenoside Rg3 to Rh2. Three important factors including pH, temperature and substrate concentration were optimized for the preparation of Rh(2). The optimal condition
Hoi-Hin Kwok et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 83(7), 893-902 (2012-01-12)
Ginsenosides are considered the major constituents that are responsible for most of the pharmacological actions of ginseng. However, some ginsenosides exist as stereoisomeric pairs, detailed and molecular exposition based on the structural differences of ginsenoside stereoisomers has not been emphasized
Seong Sin et al.
International journal of oncology, 41(5), 1669-1674 (2012-08-28)
Therapy-induced senescence, an irreversible growth arrest, in cancer cells is regarded as a novel functional target that may improve cancer therapy. 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 [20(S)-Rg3], a chemical component extracted from Panax ginseng, has recently emerged as an effective anticancer medicine with
Chunyong He et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 109, 150-157 (2015-03-17)
Notoginsenoside Fc (NGFc) is a protopanaxadiol-type (PPD-type) saponin from Panax notoginseng, which has perfect anti-platelet aggregatory effect. However, its pharmacokinetics and metabolism in vivo remain unknown. In this study, a simple and sensitive liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)
Jong Hye Cheong et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 38(1), 102-108 (2015-03-07)
Autophagy has been an emerging field in the treatment of hepatic carcinoma since anticancer therapies were shown to ignite autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Here we report that ginsenoside Rg3 and Rh2, major components of red ginseng, induce apoptotic
J-P Liu et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 50(10), 3388-3396 (2012-07-24)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential subchronic toxicity of 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3(Rg3), by a 26-week repeated intramuscular administration in rats. Rg3 was administrated to rats at dose levels of 0, 4.2, 10.0 or 20.0 mg/kg/day. There was
Wei Wei et al.
Molecular plant, 8(9), 1412-1424 (2015-06-03)
Ginsenosides, the main pharmacologically active natural compounds in ginseng (Panax ginseng), are mostly the glycosylated products of protopanaxadiol (PPD) and protopanaxatriol (PPT). No uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferase (UGT), which catalyzes PPT to produce PPT-type ginsenosides, has yet been reported. Here, we
Jin-Kwang Kim et al.
Food chemistry, 141(2), 1369-1377 (2013-06-26)
The ginsenoside Rg3(S), which is one of the exceptional components of Korean red ginseng extract, has been known to have anti-cancer, anti-metastatic, and anti-obesity effects. An enzymatic bioconversion method was developed to obtain the ginsenoside Rg3(S) with a high specificity
Young-Suk Cho et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(11), 818-822 (2015-05-20)
Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), P- and E-selectin play a key role for initiation of vascular inflammation. Ginsenoside, a class of steroid glycosides, is abundant in Panax ginseng root, which has been used for
Bohyoung Lee et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 52(6), 482-492 (2013-06-07)
Palmul-tang, a traditional herbal medicine, is composed of eight herbs (Ginseng radix, Glycyrrhizae radix, Hoelen, Atractylodis rhizoma, Angelicae gigantis radix, Cnidii rhizoma, Paeoniae radix and Rehmanniae radix) and exhibits various bioactivities, including antiallergic and antitumor effects. In this study, an
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