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Showing 1-30 of 42 results for "T1270" within Papers
Lindsey C Vedder et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 39(11), 2143-2153 (2015-10-01)
Many alcoholics display moderate to severe cognitive dysfunction accompanied by brain pathology. A factor confounded with prolonged heavy alcohol consumption is poor nutrition, and many alcoholics are thiamine deficient. Thus, thiamine deficiency (TD) has emerged as a key factor underlying
Irene Delgado-Blanca et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(2), 521-528 (2014-11-06)
A new approach for the implementation of liquid-liquid extraction in a sequential injection manifold is presented. The manifold consists of two syringe pumps and one multi-position valve. The use of a 30 % MeOH/H2O (v/v) solution as the carrier, with isobutanol
Richard L Hornsby et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 9620-9620 (2020-06-17)
The causative agent of leptospirosis includes multiple serovars and species of pathogenic leptospires that are excreted via urine from reservoir hosts of infection. Primary isolation takes weeks to months, and is limited to semi-solid media at 28-30 °C. Here we present
Kris Niño G Valdehuesa et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(9), 1761-1772 (2015-06-07)
Biosynthetic pathways for the production of biofuels often rely on inherent aldehyde reductases (ALRs) of the microbial host. These native ALRs play vital roles in the success of the microbial production of 1,3-propanediol, 1,4-butanediol, and isobutanol. In the present study
Samir Ahmed El-Shazly et al.
International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology, 28(2), 227-239 (2015-03-31)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia due to abnormalities in either insulin secretion or action. A range of vanadium complexes have been synthesized and demonstrated to be effective in lowering hyperglycemia. Thiamine administration was also
Ashish K Singh et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 38(7), 2127-2137 (2014-06-17)
Chronic ethanol (EtOH) consumption is associated with oxidative tissue damage, decrease in antioxidant enzyme activities, and increase in hepatic and plasma lipids. This study investigates the effect of modified probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) secreting pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) against
Andreas Keymer et al.
Bio-protocol, 8(7), e2786-e2786 (2018-04-05)
Lipid transfer from host plants to arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi was hypothesized for several years because sequenced arbuscular mycorrhiza fungal genomes lack genes encoding cytosolic fatty acid synthase ( Wewer et al., 2014 ; Rich et al., 2017 ). It was
Paul O Sheridan et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(7), e3575-e3575 (2021-03-05)
Roseburia and Eubacterium species of the human gut microbiota play an important role in the maintaince of human health, partly by producing butyrate, the main energy source of our colonic epithelial cells. However, our knowledge of the biochemistry and physiology
Carlos A Mora et al.
Biomaterials, 61, 1-9 (2015-05-20)
The increasing molecular understanding of many diseases today permits the development of new diagnostic methods. However, few easy-to-handle and inexpensive tools exist for common diseases such as food disorders. Here we present a living material based analytical sensor (LiMBAS) containing
Ilona Olędzka et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 45-53 (2014-09-23)
The purpose of this work is the evaluation of the nutritional status of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), based on the level of vitamin C in urine and vitamins A and E in serum, using the fast, selective and fully
Miranda Hart et al.
Mycorrhiza, 25(5), 359-376 (2014-11-14)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can affect many different micronutrients and macronutrients in plants and also influence host volatile compound synthesis. Their effect on the edible portions of plants is less clear. Two separate studies were performed to investigate whether inoculation
Marcela Cristina de Moraes et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1379, 1-8 (2015-01-13)
Prion diseases are characterized by protein aggregation and neurodegeneration. Conversion of the native prion protein (PrP(C)) into the abnormal scrapie PrP isoform (PrP(Sc)), which undergoes aggregation and can eventually form amyloid fibrils, is a critical step leading to the characteristic
Qiang Zhang et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 42(10), 1656-1662 (2014-07-27)
The clinical development of fedratinib, a Janus kinase (JAK2) inhibitor, was terminated after reports of Wernicke's encephalopathy in myelofibrosis patients. Since Wernicke's encephalopathy is induced by thiamine deficiency, investigations were conducted to probe possible mechanisms through which fedratinib may lead
Howard A Smithline et al.
BMC clinical pharmacology, 12, 4-4 (2012-02-07)
High dose oral thiamine may have a role in treating diabetes, heart failure, and hypermetabolic states. The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic profile of oral thiamine hydrochloride at 100 mg, 500 mg and 1500 mg doses
Joseph E Kerschner et al.
Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 135(1), 33-39 (2009-01-21)
To investigate genetic differences in middle ear mucosa (MEM) with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) infection. Genetic upregulation and downregulation occurs in MEM during otitis media (OM) pathogenesis. A comprehensive assessment of these genetic differences using the techniques of complementary DNA
Katherine R Heal et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(22), 2398-2404 (2014-10-11)
Vitamin B(12) is an essential nutrient for more than half of surveyed marine algae species, but methods for directly measuring this important cofactor in seawater are limited. Current mass spectrometry methods do not quantify all forms of B(12), potentially missing
N Milne et al.
FEMS yeast research, 20(2) (2019-09-27)
We present a teaching protocol suitable for demonstrating the use of EasyClone and CRISPR/Cas9 for metabolic engineering of industrially relevant yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica, using β-carotene production as a case study. The protocol details all steps required to
Yu-Chi Liu et al.
Lipids, 54(4), 255-262 (2019-04-27)
Eukaryotic microalgae have been known for high competency in the accumulation of triacylglycerol (TAG), a representative class of storage lipid. The snow algal species, Chlamydomonas nivalis, is a unique green eukaryotic microalga that can grow and survive in a wide
Francesca Froldi et al.
The EMBO journal, 38(7) (2019-02-26)
Rewired metabolism of glutamine in cancer has been well documented, but less is known about other amino acids such as histidine. Here, we use Drosophila cancer models to show that decreasing the concentration of histidine in the diet strongly inhibits
Fei Du et al.
STAR protocols, 2(1), 100301-100301 (2021-02-09)
Cortical microtubules (CMTs) play pivotal roles during plant cell growth and division. The organization of CMTs undergoes important changes during different cellular and developmental processes. Here, we describe two methods for the visualization of CMT organization in plant cells using
Gabriel B Akanni et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(5), 1094-1102 (2014-11-06)
The cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear cactus) have a low protein content; for use as a balanced feed, supplementation with other protein sources is therefore desirable. We investigated protein enrichment by cultivation of the yeasts Candida utilis and Kluyveromyces
Vishnupriya Pradeep et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(9), 20674-20684 (2015-09-26)
A single Brachionus rotifer can consume thousands of algae cells per hour causing an algae pond to crash within days of infection. Thus, there is a great need to reduce rotifers in order for algal biofuel production to become reality.
Kangming Tian et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 113(1), 182-188 (2015-07-15)
Efficient production of D-lactate by engineered Escherichia coli entails balancing cell growth and product synthesis. To develop a metabolic switch to implement a desirable transition from cell growth to product fermentation, a thiamine auxotroph B0013-080A was constructed in a highly
C K Singleton et al.
Current molecular medicine, 1(2), 197-207 (2002-03-20)
Thiamine is required for all tissues and is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle, heart, liver, kidneys and brain. A state of severe depletion is seen in patients on a strict thiamine-deficient diet in 18 days, but the most
Nicholas Fowler et al.
Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 101, 85-91 (2015-05-20)
One of the most widely studied organisms responsible for Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) is the marine dinoflagellate Karenia brevis. This organism produces neurotoxic compounds known as brevetoxins. A related dinoflagellate, Karenia papilionacea, has been reported to occasionally co-bloom with K.
Petia Kovatcheva-Datchary et al.
Cell reports, 26(13), 3772-3783 (2019-03-28)
The gut microbiota can modulate human metabolism through interactions with macronutrients. However, microbiota-diet-host interactions are difficult to study because bacteria interact in complex food webs in concert with the host, and many of the bacteria are not yet characterized. To
Kaori Taguchi et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1362, 270-277 (2014-09-10)
Chromatography techniques usually use a single state in the mobile phase, such as liquid, gas, or supercritical fluid. Chromatographers manage one of these techniques for their purpose but are sometimes required to use multiple methods, or even worse, multiple techniques
Van T Luu et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(17), e3739-e3739 (2021-03-05)
Genetic transformation is crucial for both investigating gene functions and for engineering of crops to introduce new traits. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important model in plant research, since it is the staple food for more than half of
Joonhoon Kim et al.
Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology, 8, 612832-612832 (2021-02-16)
An oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides is a promising host for converting lignocellulosic biomass to bioproducts and biofuels. In this work, we performed multi-omics analysis of lignocellulosic carbon utilization in R. toruloides and reconstructed the genome-scale metabolic network of R. toruloides.
Imène Mensi et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(2), e2111-e2111 (2017-01-20)
Sugarcane (interspecific hybrids of Saccharum species) is an economically important crop that provides 70% of raw table sugar production worldwide and contributes, in some countries, to bioethanol and electricity production. Leaf scald, caused by the bacterial plant pathogen Xanthomonas albilineans
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