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  • 22-Hydroxycholesterols regulate lipid metabolism differently than T0901317 in human myotubes.

22-Hydroxycholesterols regulate lipid metabolism differently than T0901317 in human myotubes.

Biochimica et biophysica acta (2006-10-24)
Eili Tranheim Kase, Bård Andersen, Hilde I Nebb, Arild C Rustan, G Hege Thoresen
ABSTRACT

The nuclear liver X receptors (LXRalpha and beta) are regulators of lipid and cholesterol metabolism. Oxysterols are known LXR ligands, but the functional role of hydroxycholesterols is at present unknown. In human myotubes, chronic exposure to the LXR ligand T0901317 promoted formation of diacylglycerol (DAG) and triacylglycerol (TAG), 22-R-hydroxycholesterol (22-R-HC) had no effect, and 22-S-hydroxycholesterol (22-S-HC) reduced the formation. In accordance with this, 22-HC and T0901317 regulated the expression of fatty acid transporter CD36, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 1 and fatty acid synthase (FAS) differently; all genes were increased by T0901317, 22-R-HC did not change their expression level, while 22-S-HC reduced it. Transfection studies confirmed that the FAS promoter was activated by T0901317 and repressed by 22-S-HC through an LXR response element in the promoter. Both 22-R-HC and T0901317 increased gene expression of LXRalpha, sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1, while 22-S-HC had little effect. In summary, 22-R-HC regulated lipid metabolism and mRNA expression of some LXR target genes in human myotubes differently than T0901317. Moreover, 22-S-HC did not behave like an inactive ligand; it reduced synthesis of complex lipids and repressed certain genes involved in lipogenesis and lipid handling.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol