MilliporeSigma

PP2A regulates autophagy in two alternative ways in Drosophila.

Autophagy (2012-02-15)
Ágnes Bánréti, Tamás Lukácsovich, György Csikós, Miklós Erdélyi, Miklós Sass
ABSTRACT

Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) holoenzyme is a heterotrimeric complex, consisting of A, B and C subunits. The catalytic subunit PP2A-C (microtubule star/mts) binds to the C-terminal part of the scaffold protein PP2A-A (PP2A-29B). In Drosophila, there are three different forms of B subunits (widerborst/wdb, twins/tws and PP2A-B'), which determine the subcellular localization and substrate specificity of the holoenzyme. Previous studies demonstrated that PP2A is involved in the control of TOR-dependent autophagy both in yeast and mammals. Furthermore, in Drosophila, wdb genetically interacts with the PtdIns3K/PTEN/Akt signaling cascade, which is a main upstream regulatory system of dTOR. Here we demonstrate that in Drosophila, two different PP2A complexes (containing B' or wdb subunit) play essential roles in the regulation of starvation-induced autophagy. The PP2A-A/wdb/C complex acts upstream of dTOR, whereas the PP2A-A/B'/C complex functions as a target of dTOR and may regulate the elongation of autophagosomes and their subsequent fusion with lysosomes. We also identified three Drosophila Atg orthologs (Atg14, Atg17 and Atg101), which represent potential targets of the PP2A-A/B'/C complex during autophagy.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium cacodylate trihydrate, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, anhydrous, BioReagent, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥96.0%