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  • High-quality sodium rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals: controlled synthesis and optical properties.

High-quality sodium rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals: controlled synthesis and optical properties.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (2006-05-11)
Hao-Xin Mai, Ya-Wen Zhang, Rui Si, Zheng-Guang Yan, Ling-dong Sun, Li-Ping You, Chun-Hua Yan
ABSTRACT

We report a general synthesis of high-quality cubic (alpha-phase) and hexagonal (beta-phase) NaREF4 (RE: Pr to Lu, Y) nanocrystals (nanopolyhedra, nanorods, nanoplates, and nanospheres) and NaYF(4):Yb,Er/Tm nanocrystals (nanopolyhedra and nanoplates) via the co-thermolysis of Na(CF3COO) and RE(CF3COO)3 in oleic acid/oleylamine/1-octadecene. By tuning the ratio of Na/RE, solvent composition, reaction temperature and time, we can manipulate phase, shape, and size of the nanocrystals. On the basis of its alpha --> beta phase transition behavior, along the rare-earth series, NaREF4 can be divided into three groups (I: Pr and Nd; II: Sm to Tb; III: Dy to Lu, Y). The whole controlled-synthesis mechanism can be explained from the point of view of free energy. Photoluminescent measurements indicate that the value of I610/I590 and the overall emission intensity of the NaEuF4 nanocrystals are highly correlative with the symmetries of the Eu3+ ions in both the lattice and the surface.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Oleylamine