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  • Theoretical and experimental approach to hydrophilic interaction dispersive solid-phase extraction of 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid from human post-mortem blood.

Theoretical and experimental approach to hydrophilic interaction dispersive solid-phase extraction of 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid from human post-mortem blood.

Journal of chromatography. A (2018-12-24)
Joanna Giebułtowicz, Monika Sobiech, Monika Rużycka, Piotr Luliński
ABSTRACT

In this paper, we proposed an innovative hydrophilic interaction dispersive solid-phase extraction (HI-d-SPE) protocol suitable for the isolation of the potential cyanide intoxication marker, 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA), from such complicated matrix as post-mortem blood. To create an optimal HI-d-SPE protocol, two sorbents were used: a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) and commercially available Oasis-MCX®. The latter sorbent was identified as more recovery-efficient with higher clean-up abilities in a carefully optimized process. Computational analysis was employed to provide insight into the adsorption mechanism of the two selected sorbents. The theoretical results were in agreement with the experiment regarding the efficiency of the sorbent. HI-d-SPE was successfully applied to the analysis of ATCA in 20 post-mortem blood samples using LC-MS/MS. The analytical performance of the method was finally compared to prior existing methods, in turn revealing its superiority.