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  • Microwave Assisted Cloud Point Extraction for the Determination of Vitamin K Homologues in Vegetables by Liquid Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry.

Microwave Assisted Cloud Point Extraction for the Determination of Vitamin K Homologues in Vegetables by Liquid Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2019-05-17)
Natalia Campillo, Javier Marín, Pilar Viñas, Isabel Garrido, José Fenoll, Manuel Hernández-Córdoba
ABSTRACT

Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) with a triple quadrupole (QqQ) is proposed for determining the vitamin K homologues, phylloquinone (PK), menaquinone-4 (MK) and menadione (MD), in vegetables. The analytes were isolated from the samples (1-1.5 g) by ultrasound assisted extraction using acetonitrile (2 mL), and the liquids were submitted to microwave assisted cloud point extraction with Triton X-45. The enrichment factors were between 20 and 50, depending on the vitamin homologue in question. The analytes were determined by LC-ESI-QqQ-MS/MS in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, providing unequivocal identification and quantification, with limits of detection of 0.8, 1.0, and 16 ng/g for MK, PK, and MD, respectively. Recovery assays for samples spiked at two concentration levels, between 40 and 600 ng/g depending on the compound, provided recoveries in the 90-114% range. Only PK was detected in the samples analyzed, at concentrations in the 90-2350 ng/g range.