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  • The nitric oxide donor molsidomine rescues cardiac function in rats with chronic kidney disease and cardiac dysfunction.

The nitric oxide donor molsidomine rescues cardiac function in rats with chronic kidney disease and cardiac dysfunction.

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology (2010-09-21)
Lennart G Bongartz, Branko Braam, Marianne C Verhaar, Maarten Jan M Cramer, Roel Goldschmeding, Carlo A Gaillard, Paul Steendijk, Pieter A Doevendans, Jaap A Joles
ABSTRACT

We recently developed a rat model of cardiorenal failure that is characterized by severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and low nitric oxide (NO) production that persisted after temporary low-dose NO synthase inhibition. We hypothesized that LVSD was due to continued low NO availability and might be reversed by supplementing NO. Rats underwent a subtotal nephrectomy and were treated with low-dose NO synthase inhibition with N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine up to week 8. After 3 wk of washout, rats were treated orally with either the long-acting, tolerance-free NO donor molsidomine (Mols) or vehicle (Veh). Cardiac and renal function were measured on weeks 11, 13, and 15. On week 16, LV hemodynamics and pressure-volume relationships were measured invasively, and rats were killed to quantify histological damage. On week 15, blood pressure was mildly reduced and creatinine clearance was increased by Mols (both P < 0.05). Mols treatment improved ejection fraction (53 ± 3% vs. 37 ± 2% in Veh-treated rats, P < 0.001) and stroke volume (324 ± 33 vs. 255 ± 15 μl in Veh-treated rats, P < 0.05). Rats with Mols treatment had lower end-diastolic pressures (8.5 ± 1.1 mmHg) than Veh-treated rats (16.3 ± 3.5 mmHg, P < 0.05) and reduced time constants of relaxation (21.9 ± 1.8 vs. 30.9 ± 3.3 ms, respectively, P < 0.05). The LV end-systolic pressure-volume relationship was shifted to the left in Mols compared with Veh treatment. In summary, in a model of cardiorenal failure with low NO availability, supplementing NO significantly improves cardiac systolic and diastolic function without a major effect on afterload.

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