MilliporeSigma
  • White-Light Emission and Structural Distortion in New Corrugated Two-Dimensional Lead Bromide Perovskites.

White-Light Emission and Structural Distortion in New Corrugated Two-Dimensional Lead Bromide Perovskites.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (2017-03-18)
Lingling Mao, Yilei Wu, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Michael R Wasielewski, Mercouri G Kanatzidis
ABSTRACT

Hybrid inorganic-organic perovskites are developing rapidly as high performance semiconductors. Recently, two-dimensional (2D) perovskites were found to have white-light, broadband emission in the visible range that was attributed mainly to the role of self-trapped excitons (STEs). Here, we describe three new 2D lead bromide perovskites incorporating a series of bifunctional ammonium dications as templates which also emit white light: (1) α-(DMEN)PbBr4 (DMEN = 2-(dimethylamino)ethylamine), which adopts a unique corrugated layered structure in space group Pbca with unit cell a = 18.901(4) Å, b = 11.782(2) Å, and c = 23.680(5) Å; (2) (DMAPA)PbBr4 (DMAPA = 3-(dimethylamino)-1-propylamine), which crystallizes in P21/c with a = 10.717(2) Å, b = 11.735(2) Å, c = 12.127(2) Å, and β = 111.53(3)°; and (3) (DMABA)PbBr4 (DMABA = 4-dimethylaminobutylamine), which adopts Aba2 with a = 41.685(8) Å, b = 23.962(5) Å, and c = 12.000(2) Å. Photoluminescence (PL) studies show a correlation between the distortion of the "PbBr6" octahedron in the 2D layer and the broadening of PL emission, with the most distorted structure having the broadest emission (183 nm full width at half-maximum) and longest lifetime (τavg = 1.39 ns). The most distorted member α-(DMEN)PbBr4 exhibits white-light emission with a color rendering index (CRI) of 73 which is similar to a fluorescent light source and correlated color temperature (CCT) of 7863 K, producing "cold" white light.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
n-Dodecylammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
n-Hexylammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
N,N-Diethylpropane-1,3-diammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
Di-n-propylammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
Di-isopropylammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexane-1,6-diammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
N,N-Diethylethane-1,2-diammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
Morpholinium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
n-Octylammonium bromide
Sigma-Aldrich
Butane-1,4-diammonium bromide