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  • Physiological and proteomic response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to a bioprotective lactic acid bacterium in a meat environment.

Physiological and proteomic response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to a bioprotective lactic acid bacterium in a meat environment.

Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.) (2019-09-27)
Alejandra Orihuel, Lucrecia Terán, Jenny Renaut, Sébastien Planchon, María Pía Valacco, Emilse Masias, Carlos Minahk, Graciela Vignolo, Silvia Moreno, André M De Almeida, Lucila Saavedra, Silvina Fadda
ABSTRACT

The enterohemorrhagic Escherichia (E.) coli (EHEC) is a pathogen of great concern for public health and the meat industry all over the world. The high economic losses in meat industry and the high costs of the illness highlight the necessity of additional efforts to control this pathogen. Previous studies have demonstrated the inhibitory activity of Enterococcus mundtii CRL35 towards EHEC, showing a specific proteomic response during the co-culture. In the present work, additional studies of the EHEC-Ent. mundtii interaction were carried out: i) differential protein expression of E. coli O157:H7 NCTC12900 growing in co-culture with Ent. mundtii in a meat environment, ii) the reciprocal influence between these two microorganisms in the adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and iii) the possible induction of the phage W933, coding for Shiga toxin (Stx1), by Ent. mundtii CRL35. Proteomic analysis showed a significant repression of a number of E. coli NCTC12900 proteins in co-culture respect to its single culture, these mostly related to the metabolism and transport of amino acids and nucleotides. On the other hand, statistically significant overexpression of EHEC proteins involved in stress, energy production, amino acid metabolism and transcription was observed at 30 h respect to 6 h when EHEC grew in co-culture. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD014588. Besides, EHEC showed a decreased adhesion capacity to ECM proteins in the presence of the bioprotective strain. Finally, Ent. mundtii CRL35 did not induce the lytic cycle of W933 bacteriophage, thus indicating its potential safe use for eliminating this pathogen. Overall, this study expands the knowledge of EHEC- Ent. mundtii CRL35 interaction in a meat environment, which will certainly contribute to find out effective biological strategies to eliminate this pathogen.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Collagen Type IV from human cell culture, Bornstein and Traub Type IV, 0.3 mg/mL, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
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Laminin from Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm murine sarcoma basement membrane, 1-2 mg/mL in Tris-buffered saline, 0.2 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture