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  • Effects of selenium on the proliferation and apoptosis of sheep spermatogonial stem cells in vitro.

Effects of selenium on the proliferation and apoptosis of sheep spermatogonial stem cells in vitro.

Animal reproduction science (2020-03-29)
Lei Shi, Yunli Duan, Xiaolei Yao, Ruigao Song, Youshe Ren
ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate effects of selenium (Se) on proliferation and apoptosis of sheep spermatogonial stem cells (SSC) in vitro. The SSC were assigned to five treatment groups (0, 2.0, 4.0, 8.0 and 16.0 μmol/L Se). After treatment with Se for 96 h, cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated. The relative abundance of P53 mRNA transcript and protein, cell cycle and apoptosis-related genes were detected using real-time PCR and Western blot quantifications, respectively. The results indicate there were the least cell proliferation rates in the Se16.0 group. Treatments with relatively greater Se concentrations (8.0 and 16.0 μmol/L) resulted in a greater percentage of apoptotic cells, which was consistent with the relative abundances of P53, P21, P27 and pro-apoptosis mRNA transcripts. There were relatively greater ROS concentrations in the control, Se8.0 and Se16.0 groups. Compared with the control group, treatment with the Se concentration of 16.0 μmol/L resulted in an increased abundance of P53, P21, P27 and BAX proteins. Treatment with Pifithrin-α suppressed the increase in abundance of P53 and P21 proteins induced by the relatively greater concentration of Se (16.0 μmol/L), however, did not result in a change in abundances of P27 and BAX proteins. These results indicate the regulatory functions of Se on proliferation and apoptosis of sheep SSC is associated with the P21-mediated P53 signalling pathway. The P27 and BAX proteins have limited functions during the apoptotic process of SSC induced by the relatively greater concentrations of Se.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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