• CGGBP1-regulated cytosine methylation at CTCF-binding motifs resists stochasticity.

CGGBP1-regulated cytosine methylation at CTCF-binding motifs resists stochasticity.

BMC genetics (2020-07-31)
Manthan Patel, Divyesh Patel, Subhamoy Datta, Umashankar Singh

The human CGGBP1 binds to GC-rich regions and interspersed repeats, maintains homeostasis of stochastic cytosine methylation and determines DNA-binding of CTCF. Interdependence between regulation of cytosine methylation and CTCF occupancy by CGGBP1 remains unknown. By analyzing methylated DNA-sequencing data obtained from CGGBP1-depleted cells, we report that some transcription factor-binding sites, including CTCF, resist stochastic changes in cytosine methylation. By analysing CTCF-binding sites we show that cytosine methylation changes at CTCF motifs caused by CGGBP1 depletion resist stochastic changes. These CTCF-binding sites are positioned at locations where the spread of cytosine methylation in cis depends on the levels of CGGBP1. Our findings suggest that CTCF occupancy and functions are determined by CGGBP1-regulated cytosine methylation patterns.

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