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  • Ultrafiltration isolation, physicochemical characterization, and antidiabetic activities analysis of polysaccharides from green tea, oolong tea, and black tea.

Ultrafiltration isolation, physicochemical characterization, and antidiabetic activities analysis of polysaccharides from green tea, oolong tea, and black tea.

Journal of food science (2020-10-11)
Leilei Xu, Yue Chen, Zhongqin Chen, Xudong Gao, Chunli Wang, Pharkphoom Panichayupakaranant, Haixia Chen
ABSTRACT

Both fermentation degree and preparation method of polysaccharides could influence the bioactivity of tea polysaccharides. The aim of this study was to compare the physicochemical characterization and biological activities of the polysaccharides isolated by ultrafiltration method from three kinds of tea (green tea, oolong tea, and black tea). The bioactivities of tea polysaccharide fractions were compared from four aspects, including antioxidant activities, antiglycation activities, α-glucosidase inhibitory capability, and hypoglycemic effects on L6 myotubes. Results showed that six polysaccharides (GTPS1, GTPS2, OTPS1, OTPS2, BTPS1, and BTPS2) had different contents of neutral sugar and uronic acid, and they showed different morphologies. Six polysaccharides were composed of the seven monosaccharides with different molar ratios. BTPS1 exhibited the highest DPPH scavenging activity and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity (P < 0.05), and BTPS1 also showed the strongest antiglycation inhibitory effects (P < 0.05). BTPS1 and BTPS2 showed strong inhibitory capacity on α-glucosidase and hypoglycemic effects in L6 skeletal muscle cells. The result suggested that the degree of fermentation of tea could improve their bioactivities (BTPS > OTPS >GTPS), and TPS1 with smaller molecular weight distribution showed higher bioactivities than TPS2. This study can provide a scientific foundation for the application of tea polysaccharides and related functional products.

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Sigma-Aldrich
2-Deoxy-2-[(7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)amino]-D-glucose, ≥97% (HPLC)