MilliporeSigma
  • Build-To-Specification Vanillin and Phloroglucinol Derived Biobased Epoxy-Amine Vitrimers.

Build-To-Specification Vanillin and Phloroglucinol Derived Biobased Epoxy-Amine Vitrimers.

Polymers (2020-11-14)
Aratz Genua, Sarah Montes, Itxaso Azcune, Alaitz Rekondo, Samuel Malburet, Bénédicte Daydé-Cazals, Alain Graillot
ABSTRACT

Epoxy resins are widely used in the composite industry due to their dimensional stability, chemical resistance, and thermo-mechanical properties. However, these thermoset resins have important drawbacks. (i) The vast majority of epoxy matrices are based on non-renewable fossil-derived materials, and (ii) the highly cross-linked molecular architecture hinders their reprocessing, repairing, and recycling. In this paper, those two aspects are addressed by combining novel biobased epoxy monomers derived from renewable resources and dynamic crosslinks. Vanillin (lignin) and phloroglucinol (sugar bioconversion) precursors have been used to develop bi- and tri-functional epoxy monomers, diglycidyl ether of vanillyl alcohol (DGEVA) and phloroglucinol triepoxy (PHTE) respectively. Additionally, reversible covalent bonds have been incorporated in the network by using an aromatic disulfide-based diamine hardener. Four epoxy matrices with different ratios of epoxy monomers (DGEVA/PHTE wt%: 100/0, 60/40, 40/60, and 0/100) were developed and fully characterized in terms of thermal and mechanical properties. We demonstrate that their performances are comparable to those of commonly used fossil fuel-based epoxy thermosets with additional advanced reprocessing functionalities.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Benzyltriethylammonium chloride, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tetraethylammonium borohydride, technical, ≥95% (T)