MilliporeSigma
  • Phase I Trial: Cirmtuzumab Inhibits ROR1 Signaling and Stemness Signatures in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Phase I Trial: Cirmtuzumab Inhibits ROR1 Signaling and Stemness Signatures in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Cell stem cell (2018-06-03)
Michael Y Choi, George F Widhopf, Emanuela M Ghia, Reilly L Kidwell, Md Kamrul Hasan, Jian Yu, Laura Z Rassenti, Liguang Chen, Yun Chen, Emily Pittman, Minya Pu, Karen Messer, Charles E Prussak, Januario E Castro, Catriona Jamieson, Thomas J Kipps
ABSTRACT

Cirmtuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) that targets ROR1, an oncoembryonic orphan receptor for Wnt5a found on cancer stem cells (CSCs). Aberrant expression of ROR1 is seen in many malignancies and has been linked to Rho-GTPase activation and cancer stem cell self-renewal. For patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), self-renewing, neoplastic B cells express ROR1 in 95% of cases. High-level leukemia cell expression of ROR1 is associated with an unfavorable prognosis. We conducted a phase 1 study involving 26 patients with progressive, relapsed, or refractory CLL. Patients received four biweekly infusions, with doses ranging from 0.015 to 20 mg/kg. Cirmtuzumab had a long plasma half-life and did not have dose-limiting toxicity. Inhibition of ROR1 signaling was observed, including decreased activation of RhoA and HS1. Transcriptome analyses showed that therapy inhibited CLL stemness gene expression signatures in vivo. Cirmtuzumab is safe and effective at inhibiting tumor cell ROR1 signaling in patients with CLL.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
IgG1, Kappa from human myeloma plasma, purified immunoglobulin, >95% (SDS-PAGE)