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  • Sulfonate derivatives of naphtho[2,3-b]thiophen-4(9H)-one and 9(10H)-anthracenone as highly active antimicrotubule agents. Synthesis, antiproliferative activity, and inhibition of tubulin polymerization.

Sulfonate derivatives of naphtho[2,3-b]thiophen-4(9H)-one and 9(10H)-anthracenone as highly active antimicrotubule agents. Synthesis, antiproliferative activity, and inhibition of tubulin polymerization.

Journal of medicinal chemistry (2007-11-02)
Anne Zuse, Peter Schmidt, Silke Baasner, Konrad J Böhm, Klaus Müller, Matthias Gerlach, Eckhard G Günther, Eberhard Unger, Helge Prinz
ABSTRACT

Benzenesulfonate derivatives of naphtho[2,3-b]thiophen-4(9H)-one and 9(10H)-anthracenone were prepared and found to inhibit microtubule formation by an in vitro tubulin polymerization assay. Several analogues showed potent cytotoxic activity in an assay based on K562 leukemia cells with IC50 values of <100 nM. The methylamino analogue 14i was the most active compound in this assay (14i, IC50 K562: 0.05 muM). Antiproliferative activities of selected compounds were additionally evaluated against a panel of 12 tumor cell lines, including multi-drug-resistant phenotypes. All resistant cell lines were sensitive to these compounds. Concentration-dependent flow cytometric studies showed that KB/HeLa cells treated with selected compounds were arrested in the G2/M phases of the cell cycle. In competition experiments, these compounds strongly displaced radiolabeled colchicine from its binding site in the tubulin, showing IC50 values lower than that of colchicine. The results demonstrate that the antiproliferative activity is related to the inhibition of tubulin polymerization.

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