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  • Whole-exome sequencing identifies R1279X of MYH6 gene to be associated with congenital heart disease.

Whole-exome sequencing identifies R1279X of MYH6 gene to be associated with congenital heart disease.

BMC cardiovascular disorders (2018-07-05)
Ehsan Razmara, Masoud Garshasbi
ABSTRACT

Myosin VI, encoded by MYH6, is expressed dominantly in human cardiac atria and plays consequential roles in cardiac muscle contraction and comprising the cardiac muscle thick filament. It has been reported that the mutations in the MYH6 gene associated with sinus venosus atrial septal defect (ASD type III), hypertrophic (HCM) and dilated (DCM) cardiomyopathies. Two patients in an Iranian family have been identified who affected to Congenital Heart Disease (CHD). The male patient, besides CHD, shows that the thyroglossal sinus, refractive errors of the eye and mitral stenosis. The first symptoms emerged at the birth and diagnosis based on clinical features was made at about 5 years. The family had a history of ASD. For recognizing mutated gene (s), whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed for the male patient and variants were analyzed by autosomal dominant inheritance mode. Eventually, by several filtering processes, a mutation in MYH6 gene (NM_002471.3), c.3835C > T; R1279X, was identified as the most likely disease-susceptibility variant and then confirmed by Sanger sequencing in the family. The mutation frequency was checked out in the local databases. This mutation results in the elimination of the 660 amino acids in the C-terminal of Myosin VI protein, including the vital parts of the coiled-coil structure of the tail domain. Our study represents the first case of Sinus venosus defect caused directly by MYH6 stop codon mutation. Our data indicate that by increase haploinsufficiency of myosin VI, c.3835C > T mutation with reduced penetrance could be associated with CHD.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Roche
DNA Isolation Kit for Cells and Tissues, sufficient for 10 isolation(s)