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  • Hepatocyte peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α regulates bile acid synthesis and transport.

Hepatocyte peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α regulates bile acid synthesis and transport.

Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids (2019-06-14)
Cen Xie, Shogo Takahashi, Chad N Brocker, Shijun He, Li Chen, Guomin Xie, Katrina Jang, Xiaoxia Gao, Kristopher W Krausz, Aijuan Qu, Moshe Levi, Frank J Gonzalez
ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) controls lipid homeostasis through regulation of lipid transport and catabolism. PPARα activators are clinically used for hyperlipidemia treatment. The role of PPARα in bile acid (BA) homeostasis is beginning to emerge. Herein, Ppara-null and hepatocyte-specific Ppara-null (Ppara∆Hep) as well as the respective wild-type mice were treated with the potent PPARα agonist Wy-14,643 (Wy) and global metabolomics performed to clarify the role of hepatocyte PPARα in the regulation of BA homeostasis. Levels of all serum BAs were markedly elevated in Wy-treated wild-type mice but not in Ppara-null and Ppara∆Hep mice. Gene expression analysis showed that PPARα activation (1) down-regulated the expression of sodium-taurocholate acid transporting polypeptide and organic ion transporting polypeptide 1 and 4, responsible for the uptake of BAs into the liver; (2) decreased the expression of bile salt export pump transporting BA from hepatocytes into the bile canaliculus; (3) upregulated the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 and 4 transporting BA from hepatocytes into the portal vein. Moreover, there was a notable increase in the compositions of serum, hepatic and biliary cholic acid and taurocholic acid following Wy treatment, which correlated with the upregulated expression of the Cyp8b1 gene encoding sterol 12α-hydroxylase. The effects of Wy were identical between the Ppara∆Hep and Ppara-null mice. Hepatocyte PPARα controlled BA synthesis and transport not only via direct transcriptional regulation but also via crosstalk with hepatic farnesoid X receptor signaling. These findings underscore a key role for hepatocyte PPARα in the control of BA homeostasis.

MATERIALS
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Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Cyp7a1 Antibody, clone 15B9.1, clone 15B9.1, from mouse