MilliporeSigma
  • Antibiotics removal using a chitosan-based polyelectrolyte in conjunction with ultrafiltration membranes.

Antibiotics removal using a chitosan-based polyelectrolyte in conjunction with ultrafiltration membranes.

Chemosphere (2020-09-20)
Daniel A Palacio, Yerko Becerra, Bruno F Urbano, Bernabé L Rivas
ABSTRACT

The emergence of antibiotics as pollutants in the environment is one of the worldwide concerns because the bacterial strains generate a threat to the aquatic ecosystem and human health. In this study, an alkylated chitosan polyelectrolyte (ChA-PE) was used in conjunction with ultrafiltration membranes to remove three commonly used antibiotics, including amoxicillin (AMX), tetracycline (TET), and ciprofloxacin (CIP), in aqueous systems. The removal study considered diverse experimental variables through two methods: washing (pH, ionic strength, polymer ratio, and antibiotic concentration) and enrichment (maximum retention capacity). The retention percentage reached 80% at a pH of 11.0 at different polymer/antibiotic molar ratios. The ChA-PE presented irreversibly bound antibiotic interaction values of 0.51, 0.74, and 0.92 for CIP, AMX, and TET, respectively, at a pH of 11, showing that the polymer presents stronger permanent interactions with AMX and TET. On the other hand, the ChA-PE presented maximum retention capacity values of 185.6, 420.2, and 632.8 mg g-1 for CIP, AMX, and TET, respectively, in accordance with the association efficiency percentage values of 73.54, 87.08, and 93.83% for CIP, AMX, and TET, respectively.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(3-Chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride solution, 60 wt. % in H2O