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  • Fumonisins and zearalenone fed at low levels can persist several days in the liver of turkeys and broiler chickens after exposure to the contaminated diet was stopped.

Fumonisins and zearalenone fed at low levels can persist several days in the liver of turkeys and broiler chickens after exposure to the contaminated diet was stopped.

Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association (2021-01-11)
D Tardieu, A Travel, C Le Bourhis, J-P Metayer, A Mika, D Cleva, C Boissieu, P Guerre
ABSTRACT

Previous studies using zearalenone (ZEN) and fumonisins (FB) revealed alpha-zearalanol (α-ZOL) and FB1 in the liver of turkeys and chickens with no sign of toxicity. The aim of the present study was to determine whether contamination persists after distribution of a mycotoxin-free diet for several days. Turkeys and broilers were fed for 14 days with a diet containing respectively, 7.5 and 0.6 mg/kg of FB and ZEN, then fed for 0, 2 or 4 days with a mycotoxin-free diet. FB1 and total α-ZOL were the most abundant metabolites found, and their concentration decreased with time. The decrease was linear for FB1 (P < 0.001) and exponential for α-ZOL. Mean concentrations of FB1 on days 0, 2, and 4 were respectively, 4.9, 4, and 2.9 ng/g in turkeys, and respectively, 5, 2.3, and 1.3 ng/g in chickens. The decrease in concentration of FB1 with time was modeled by linear regression (P < 0.001). Mean concentrations of α-ZOL on days 0, 2 and 4, were respectively, 4.8, 0.8, and 0.5 ng/g in turkeys, whereas α-ZOL was only quantified in chickens on day 0 at 0.3 ng/g. A strong correlation was found between α-ZOL and β-zearalenol (P < 0.001).

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