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  • Fluid shear stress generates a unique signaling response by activating multiple TGFβ family type I receptors in osteocytes.

Fluid shear stress generates a unique signaling response by activating multiple TGFβ family type I receptors in osteocytes.

FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (2021-02-12)
David A Monteiro, Neha S Dole, J Luke Campos, Serra Kaya, Charles A Schurman, Cassandra D Belair, Tamara Alliston
ABSTRACT

Bone is a dynamic tissue that constantly adapts to changing mechanical demands. The transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling pathway plays several important roles in maintaining skeletal homeostasis by both coupling the bone-forming and bone-resorbing activities of osteoblasts and osteoclasts and by playing a causal role in the anabolic response of bone to applied loads. However, the extent to which the TGFβ signaling pathway in osteocytes is directly regulated by fluid shear stress (FSS) is unknown, despite work suggesting that fluid flow along canaliculi is a dominant physical cue sensed by osteocytes following bone compression. To investigate the effects of FSS on TGFβ signaling in osteocytes, we stimulated osteocytic OCY454 cells cultured within a microfluidic platform with FSS. We find that FSS rapidly upregulates Smad2/3 phosphorylation and TGFβ target gene expression, even in the absence of added TGFβ. Indeed, relative to treatment with TGFβ, FSS induced a larger increase in levels of pSmad2/3 and Serpine1 that persisted even in the presence of a TGFβ receptor type I inhibitor. Our results show that FSS stimulation rapidly induces phosphorylation of multiple TGFβ family R-Smads by stimulating multimerization and concurrently activating several TGFβ and BMP type I receptors, in a manner that requires the activity of the corresponding ligand. While the individual roles of the TGFβ and BMP signaling pathways in bone mechanotransduction remain unclear, these results implicate that FSS activates both pathways to generate a downstream response that differs from that achieved by either ligand alone.

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Monoclonal ANTI-FLAG® M2 antibody produced in mouse, clone M2, purified immunoglobulin (Purified IgG1 subclass), buffered aqueous solution (10 mM sodium phosphate, 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.4, containing 0.02% sodium azide)
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NOGGIN from mouse, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ≥98% (SDS-PAGE), ≥98% (HPLC), suitable for cell culture