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  • NCK-associated protein 1 like (nckap1l) minor splice variant regulates intrahepatic biliary network morphogenesis.

NCK-associated protein 1 like (nckap1l) minor splice variant regulates intrahepatic biliary network morphogenesis.

PLoS genetics (2021-03-20)
Kimia Ghaffari, Lain X Pierce, Maria Roufaeil, Isabel Gibson, Kevin Tae, Saswat Sahoo, James R Cantrell, Olov Andersson, Jasmine Lau, Takuya F Sakaguchi
ABSTRACT

Impaired formation of the intrahepatic biliary network leads to cholestatic liver diseases, which are frequently associated with autoimmune disorders. Using a chemical mutagenesis strategy in zebrafish combined with computational network analysis, we screened for novel genes involved in intrahepatic biliary network formation. We positionally cloned a mutation in the nckap1l gene, which encodes a cytoplasmic adaptor protein for the WAVE regulatory complex. The mutation is located in the last exon after the stop codon of the primary splice isoform, only disrupting a previously unannotated minor splice isoform, which indicates that the minor splice isoform is responsible for the intrahepatic biliary network phenotype. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated nckap1l deletion, which disrupts both the primary and minor isoforms, showed the same defects. In the liver of nckap1l mutant larvae, WAVE regulatory complex component proteins are degraded specifically in biliary epithelial cells, which line the intrahepatic biliary network, thus disrupting the actin organization of these cells. We further show that nckap1l genetically interacts with the Cdk5 pathway in biliary epithelial cells. These data together indicate that although nckap1l was previously considered to be a hematopoietic cell lineage-specific protein, its minor splice isoform acts in biliary epithelial cells to regulate intrahepatic biliary network formation.

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Rac1 Inhibitor, Rac1 Inhibitor, CAS 1177865-17-6, is a cell-permeable, reversible inhibitor of Rac1 GDP/GTP exchange. Interferes with the interaction between Rac1 and Rac-specific GEFs Trio and Tiam1 (IC₅₀ ~50 µM).