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  • Is Decorin a Promising New Agent for Facial Nerve Regeneration? An Experimental Study.

Is Decorin a Promising New Agent for Facial Nerve Regeneration? An Experimental Study.

Audiology & neuro-otology (2021-03-08)
Zehra Çınar, Ufuk Emre, Mehmet Gül, Özgür Yiğit, Elshan Mammadov, Enes Yiğit, Semir Gül, Hilal Rumeyza Cırık
ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of systemic administration of decorin (DC) on facial nerve (FN) regeneration. A total of 32 female albino Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: control (C) group: no bilateral FN neurorrhaphy (B-FNN), no DC application, sham-operated group: B-FNN without DC application, DC group: DC application without B-FNN, and B-FNN + DC group: B-FNN and DC application. Nerve conduction studies were performed before and after skin incisions at 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th weeks in all groups. The amplitude and latency of compound muscle action potentials were recorded. FN samples were obtained and were investigated under light microscopy and immunohistochemical staining. The nerve and axon diameter, number of axons, H score, Schwann cell proliferation, and myelin and axonal degeneration were recorded quantitatively. In the sham group, the 3rd and 5th postoperative week, amplitude values were significantly lower than those of the B-FNN + DC group (p < 0.05). Nerve diameters were found to be significantly larger in the sham, DC, and B-FNN + DC groups than in the C group (p < 0.05). The number of axons, the axon diameter, and the H scores were found to be significantly higher in the B-FNN + DC group than in the sham group (p < 0.05). The Schwann cell proliferation, myelin degeneration, and axonal degeneration scores were significantly lower in the B-FNN + DC group than in the sham group (p < 0.05). Electrophysiological and histopathological evaluation revealed the potential benefits provided by DC. This agent may increase FN regeneration.

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Epoxy Embedding Medium kit, embedding resin for electron microscopy