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  • Structural relationships in 2,3-bis-n-decyloxyanthracene and 12-hydroxystearic acid molecular gels and aerogels processed in supercritical CO(2).

Structural relationships in 2,3-bis-n-decyloxyanthracene and 12-hydroxystearic acid molecular gels and aerogels processed in supercritical CO(2).

The journal of physical chemistry. B (2010-08-18)
Pierre Terech, Cyril Aymonier, Anne Loppinet-Serani, Shreedhar Bhat, Supratim Banerjee, Rajat Das, Uday Maitra, André Del Guerzo, Jean-Pierre Desvergne
ABSTRACT

Supercritical carbon dioxide is used to prepare aerogels of two reference molecular organogelators, 2,3-bis-n-decyloxyanthracene (DDOA) (luminescent molecule) and 12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA). Electron microscopy reveals the fibrillar morphology of the aggregates generated by the protocol. SAXS and SANS measurements show that DDOA aerogels are crystalline materials exhibiting three morphs: (1) arrangements of the crystalline solid (2D p6m), (2) a second hexagonal morph slightly more compact, and (3) a packing specific of the fibers in the gel. Aggregates specific of the aerogel (volume fraction being typically phi approximately 0.60) are developed over larger distances (approximately 1000 A) and bear fewer defaults and residual strains than aggregates in the crystalline and gel phases. Porod, Scherrer and Debye-Bueche analyses of the scattering data have been performed. The first five diffraction peaks show small variations in position and intensity assigned to the variation of the number of fibers and their degree of vicinity within hexagonal bundles of the related SAFIN according to the Oster model. Conclusions are supported by the guidelines offered by the analysis of the situation in HSA aerogels for which the diffraction pattern can be described by two coexisting lamellar-like arrangements. The porosity of the aerogel, as measured by its specific surface extracted from the scattering invariant analysis, is only 1.8 times less than that of the swollen gel and is characteristic of a very porous material.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Methyl 12-hydroxystearate, ≥99% (GC)