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  • MKRN1 Ubiquitylates p21 to Protect against Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Myocardial Apoptosis.

MKRN1 Ubiquitylates p21 to Protect against Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Myocardial Apoptosis.

Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity (2021-09-11)
Xue Bai, Hui Yang, Jiayuan Pu, Yan Zhao, Ying Jin, Qin Yu
ABSTRACT

Although chronic intermittent hypoxia- (IH-) induced myocardial apoptosis is an established pathophysiological process resulting in a poor prognosis for patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study is aimed at exploring the role of makorin ring finger protein 1 (MKRN1) in IH-induced myocardial apoptosis and elucidating its molecular activity. First, the GSE2271 dataset was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database to identify the differentially expressed genes. Then, an SD rat model of IH, together with rat cardiomyocyte H9C2 and human cardiomyocyte AC16 IH models, was constructed. TUNEL, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry assays were used to detect cell apoptosis. Dihydroethidium staining was conducted to analyze the concentration of reactive oxygen species. In addition, RT-qPCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry were performed to measure the expression levels of MKRN1 and p21. The direct interaction between MKRN1 and p21 was determined using coimmunoprecipitation and ubiquitination analysis. MKRN1 expression was found to be downregulated in IH rat myocardial tissues as well as in H9C2 and AC16 cells. Upregulated expression of MKRN1 in H9C2 and AC16 cells alleviated the IH-induced reactive oxygen species production and cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, MKRN1 promoted p21 protein ubiquitination and the proteasome pathway degradation to negatively regulate p21 expression. Thus, MKRN1 regulates p21 ubiquitination to prevent IH-induced myocardial apoptosis.

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AC16 Human Cardiomyocyte Cell Line, AC16 Human Cardiomyocytes can be serially passaged and can differentiate when cultured in mitogen-free medium. The cells may be used to study developmental regulation of cardiomyocytes.