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  • Development and Characterization of Furfuryl-Gelatin Electrospun Scaffolds for Cardiac Tissue Engineering.

Development and Characterization of Furfuryl-Gelatin Electrospun Scaffolds for Cardiac Tissue Engineering.

ACS omega (2022-05-14)
Naveen Nagiah, Raven El Khoury, Mahmoud H Othman, Jun Akimoto, Yoshihiro Ito, David A Roberson, Binata Joddar
ABSTRACT

In this study, three types of electrospun scaffolds, including furfuryl-gelatin (f-gelatin) alone, f-gelatin with polycaprolactone (PCL) in a 1:1 ratio, and coaxial scaffolds with PCL (core) and f-gelatin (sheath), were developed for tissue engineering applications. Scaffolds were developed through single nozzle electrospinning and coaxial electrospinning, respectively, to serve as scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering. Uniform fibrous structures were revealed in the scaffolds with significantly varying average fiber diameters of 760 ± 80 nm (f-gelatin), 420 ± 110 nm [f-gelatin and PCL (1:1)], and 810 ± 60 nm (coaxial f-gelatin > PCL) via scanning electron microscopy. The distinction between the core and the sheath of the fibers of the coaxial f-gelatin > PCL electrospun fibrous scaffolds was revealed by transmission electron microscopy. Thermal analysis and Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy revealed no interactions between the polymers in the blended electrospun scaffolds. The varied blending methods led to significant differences in the elastic moduli of the electrospun scaffolds with the coaxial f-gelatin > PCL revealing the highest elastic modulus of all scaffolds (164 ± 3.85 kPa). All scaffolds exhibited excellent biocompatibility by supporting the adhesion and proliferation of human AC16 cardiomyocytes cells. The biocompatibility of the coaxial f-gelatin > PCL scaffolds with superior elastic modulus was assessed further through adhesion and functionality of human-induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes, thereby demonstrating the potential of the coaxially spun scaffolds as an ideal platform for developing cardiac tissue-on-a-chip models. Our results demonstrate a facile approach to produce visible light cross-linkable, hybrid, biodegradable nanofibrous scaffold biomaterials, which can serve as platforms for cardiac tissue engineered models.

MATERIALS
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Sigma-Aldrich
AC16 Human Cardiomyocyte Cell Line, AC16 Human Cardiomyocytes can be serially passaged and can differentiate when cultured in mitogen-free medium. The cells may be used to study developmental regulation of cardiomyocytes.