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  • A role for calnexin in the assembly of the MHC class I loading complex in the endoplasmic reticulum.

A role for calnexin in the assembly of the MHC class I loading complex in the endoplasmic reticulum.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (2001-02-13)
G Diedrich, N Bangia, M Pan, P Cresswell
ABSTRACT

Heterodimers of MHC class I glycoprotein and beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)m) bind short peptides in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Before peptide binding these molecules form part of a multisubunit loading complex that also contains the two subunits of the TAP, the transmembrane glycoprotein tapasin, the soluble chaperone calreticulin, and the thiol oxidoreductase ERp57. We have investigated the assembly of the loading complex and provide evidence that after TAP and tapasin associate with each other, the transmembrane chaperone calnexin and ERp57 bind to the TAP-tapasin complex to generate an intermediate. These interactions are independent of the N:-linked glycan of tapasin, but require its transmembrane and/or cytoplasmic domain. This intermediate complex binds MHC class I-beta(2)m dimers, an event accompanied by the loss of calnexin and the acquisition of calreticulin, generating the MHC class I loading complex. Peptide binding then induces the dissociation of MHC class I-beta(2)m dimers, which can be transported to the cell surface.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Monoclonal Anti-β2-Microglobulin antibody produced in mouse, clone BM-63, ascites fluid