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  • Decrease of neuronal FKBP4/FKBP52 modulates perinuclear lysosomal positioning and MAPT/Tau behavior during MAPT/Tau-induced proteotoxic stress.

Decrease of neuronal FKBP4/FKBP52 modulates perinuclear lysosomal positioning and MAPT/Tau behavior during MAPT/Tau-induced proteotoxic stress.

Autophagy (2021-01-19)
Béatrice Chambraud, Corentin Daguinot, Kevin Guillemeau, Melanie Genet, Omar Dounane, Geri Meduri, Christian Poüs, Etienne Emile Baulieu, Julien Giustiniani
ABSTRACT

Defects of autophagy-lysosomal protein degradation are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases, and the accumulation of aggregation prone proteins such as MAPT/Tau in Alzheimer disease (AD). We previously showed the localization of the immunophilin FKBP4/FKBP52 in the lysosomal system of healthy human neurons suggesting its possible role in lysosome function. We also showed that decreased FKBP4 levels in AD brain neurons correlate with abnormal MAPT accumulation and aggregation. In this study, we demonstrate that FKBP4 decrease in a human neuronal cell line (SH-SY5Y) and in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons from human MAPTP301S transgenic mice affected the function of the autophagy-lysosomal system under MAPT induced proteotoxic stress conditions. We show that acute MAPT accumulation in SH-SY5Y cells induced perinuclear clustering of lysosomes, triggered FKBP4 localization around the clusters and its colocalization with MAPT and MAP1LC3/LC3-positive autophagic vesicles; a similar FKBP4 localization was detected in some AD brain neurons. We demonstrate that FKBP4 decrease altered lysosomal clustering along with MAPT and MAP1LC3 secretion increase. Although ectopic FKBP4 expression could not induce autophagy under our experimental conditions, it prevented MAPT secretion after MAPT accumulation in SH-SY5Y cells implying a regulatory role of FKBP4 on MAPT secretion. Finally, we observe that FKBP4 deficiency decreased MAP1LC3-II expression and provoked MAPT accumulation during long-term stress in mouse DRG neurons. We hypothesize that the abnormal FKBP4 decrease observed in AD brain neurons might hinder autophagy efficiency and contribute to the progression of the tauopathy by modulating MAPT secretion and accumulation during MAPT pathogenesis.Abbreviations: AD: Alzheimer disease; AKT/protein kinase B: AKT serine/threonine kinase; ALP: Autophagy-lysosomal pathway; ATG: autophagy-related; BafA1: bafilomycin A1; CQ: chloroquine; CTSD: cathepsin D; DIV: days in vitro; DRG: dorsal root ganglion neurons; Dox: doxycycline; DNAJC5: DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member C5; EL: empty lentiviral vectors; ENO2/NSE: enolase 2, gamma neuronal; FKBP4/FKBP52: FKBP prolyl isomerase 4; FTLD-Tau: frontotemporal lobar degeneration with Tau pathology; GFP: green fluorescent protein; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; LDH: lactate dehydrogenase; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; MAPT/Tau: microtubule associated protein tau; MTT: tetrazolium salt; NFTs: neurofibrillary tangles; RPE-1: retinal pigment epithelial cells; shRNA: small-hairpin ribonucleic acid; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; SD: standard deviation; SEM: standard error of the mean; SH-SY5Y: human neuroblastoma cells; Sh1 or Sh2: Lentiviral shRNA vectors inducing FKBP4 decrease; SH-52GFP: MAPT/Tau-inducible SH-SY5Y cell line constitutively expressing FKBP4-GFP; TUBB3/βIII tubulin: tubulin beta 3 class III; UPS: ubiquitin-proteasome system.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Roche
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