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  • Calbindin regulates Kv4.1 trafficking and excitability in dentate granule cells via CaMKII-dependent phosphorylation.

Calbindin regulates Kv4.1 trafficking and excitability in dentate granule cells via CaMKII-dependent phosphorylation.

Experimental & molecular medicine (2021-07-09)
Kyung-Ran Kim, Hyeon-Ju Jeong, Yoonsub Kim, Seung Yeon Lee, Yujin Kim, Hyun-Ji Kim, Suk-Ho Lee, Hana Cho, Jong-Sun Kang, Won-Kyung Ho
ABSTRACT

Calbindin, a major Ca2+ buffer in dentate granule cells (GCs), plays a critical role in shaping Ca2+ signals, yet how it regulates neuronal function remains largely unknown. Here, we found that calbindin knockout (CBKO) mice exhibited dentate GC hyperexcitability and impaired pattern separation, which co-occurred with reduced K+ current due to downregulated surface expression of Kv4.1. Relatedly, manipulation of calbindin expression in HT22 cells led to changes in CaMKII activation and the level of surface localization of Kv4.1 through phosphorylation at serine 555, confirming the mechanism underlying neuronal hyperexcitability in CBKO mice. We also discovered that Ca2+ buffering capacity was significantly reduced in the GCs of Tg2576 mice to the level of CBKO GCs, and this reduction was restored to normal levels by antioxidants, suggesting that calbindin is a target of oxidative stress. Our data suggest that the regulation of CaMKII signaling by Ca2+ buffering is crucial for neuronal excitability regulation.

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HT-22 Mouse Hippocampal Neuronal Cell Line, HT-22 mouse neuronal cell line is a valuable cell model for studies of glutamate-induced toxicity in neuronal cells.