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  • A network of Gαi signaling partners is revealed by proximity labeling proteomics analysis and includes PDZ-RhoGEF.

A network of Gαi signaling partners is revealed by proximity labeling proteomics analysis and includes PDZ-RhoGEF.

Science signaling (2022-01-19)
Naincy R Chandan, Saji Abraham, Shuvasree SenGupta, Carole A Parent, Alan V Smrcka
ABSTRACT

G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) that couple to the Gαi family of G proteins are key regulators of cell and tissue physiology. Our previous work has revealed new roles for Gαi in regulating the migration of neutrophils and fibrosarcoma cells downstream of activated chemoattractant receptors. Here, we used an intact cell proximity–based labeling coupled to tandem mass tag (TMT)–based quantitative proteomics analysis to identify proteins that selectively interacted with the GTP-bound form of Gαi1. Multiple targets were identified and validated with a BioID2-tagged, constitutively active Gαi1 mutant, suggesting a network of interactions for activated GαI proteins in intact cells. We showed that active Gαi1, but not Gαi2, stimulated one candidate protein, PDZ-RhoGEF (PRG), despite more than 85% sequence identity between the G proteins. We also demonstrated in primary human neutrophils that active Gαi likely regulated the polarization of phosphorylated myosin light chain, a process critical for migration, through the activation of PRG. The identification and characterization of new targets directly or indirectly regulated by Gαi will aid in the investigation of the functional roles of Gαi-coupled GPCRs in multiple biological processes.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

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