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  • Photosynthetic eukaryotes of freshwater wetland biofilms: adaptations and structural characteristics of the extracellular matrix in the green alga, Cosmarium reniforme (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta).

Photosynthetic eukaryotes of freshwater wetland biofilms: adaptations and structural characteristics of the extracellular matrix in the green alga, Cosmarium reniforme (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta).

The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology (2009-07-16)
David S Domozych, Richard Wilson, Catherine Rogers Domozych
ABSTRACT

Cosmarium reniforme (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) is a green alga that is commonly found in biofilms of wetlands of the Adirondack region, NY (USA). Two distinctive characteristics that are critical to this alga's survival in a benthic biofilm are its elaborate cell morphology and extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, ultrastructural, immunocytochemical, and experimental methodologies were employed in order to elucidate the cellular characteristics that are critical for survival in a biofilm. The ECM consists of a thick, outwardly lobed cell wall (CW), which contains a patterned network of structurally complex pores. Each pore consists of a narrow channel, terminating internally at a bulb that invaginates localized regions of the plasma membrane. The outer region of the pore contains arabinogalactan protein-like and extensin epitopes that are likely involved in adhesion mechanisms of the cell. External to the CW is the extracellular polymeric substance that is employed in ensheathment of the cell to the substrate and in gliding motility. The architectural design/biochemical make-up of the CW and a secretory system that encompasses the coordinated activities of the endomembrane and cytomotile/cytoskeletal systems provide the organism with effective mechanisms to support life within the biofilm complex.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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