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  • Degradable and injectable poly(aldehyde guluronate) hydrogels for bone tissue engineering.

Degradable and injectable poly(aldehyde guluronate) hydrogels for bone tissue engineering.

Journal of biomedical materials research (2001-05-08)
K Y Lee, E Alsberg, D J Mooney
ABSTRACT

Degradable and injectable hydrogels may be ideal for bone-tissue engineering, especially in the craniofacial region because of the ease of access for injection. Alginate hydrogels potentially could be used as injectable cell delivery vehicles, but they exhibit a limited range of mechanical properties and uncontrollable disintegration time. Therefore we synthesized new hydrogels, composed of poly(aldehyde guluronate) (PAG) and adipic acid dihydrazide, that have a wide range of mechanical stiffness and controllable degradation rate. MC3T3-E1 cells adhered and multiplied on PAG hydrogels in vitro. When primary rat calvarial osteoblasts were mixed with PAG hydrogels and subcutaneously injected into the backs of mice, mineralized bone tissues were formed 9 weeks following implantation. These hydrogels may find wide utility as an injectable delivery system for bone precursor cells as well as for other applications in tissue engineering.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(Guluronate), low endotoxin