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  • Three cases of rare salivary gland tumours: a molecular study of TP53, CDKN2A/ARF, RAS, BRAF, PTEN, MAPK2 and EGFR genes.

Three cases of rare salivary gland tumours: a molecular study of TP53, CDKN2A/ARF, RAS, BRAF, PTEN, MAPK2 and EGFR genes.

Oncology reports (2011-04-20)
Vincenzo Falbo, Giovanna Floridia, Federica Censi, Manuela Marra, Maria P Foschini, Domenica Taruscio
ABSTRACT

Salivary gland tumours are rare tumours characterized by histopathologic complexity and a wide variety of morphologic features. Studies on genetic changes in different histological subtypes of salivary gland tumours are important to better understand molecular pathogenetic mechanisms and to identify diagnostic and prognostic markers. Data are even more scanty dealing with unusual subtypes of these tumours. The aim of the present study was to analyse two high grade transformation adenoid cystic carcinomas (hgACC) and one hybrid tumour in order to identify, by mutational and microsatellite analysis, genetic alterations in TP53, CDKN2A/ARF, RAS, BRAF, PTEN, MAPK2 and EGFR genes. The two hgACCs showed snps missense in RAS genes and alterations with allelic instability in CDKN2A/ARF; moreover, a double mutation in TP53 was detected in one case. The hybrid tumour showed alterations in CDKN2A/ARF gene and snps missense in NRAS genes. Our data suggest that CDKN2A/ARF pathway might be involved in pathogenesis of the salivary gland tumours analysed. Further molecular analyses of these very rare tumours are necessary to better understand the role of other genetic alterations detected in our study.

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Roche
High Fidelity PCR Master, sufficient for ≤200 reactions, kit of 1 (2 components), suitable for PCR