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  • Expression of vesicular glutamate transporter 2 and 3 and glutamate receptor 1 and 2 mRNAs in the retina of adult laughing doves (Streptopelia senegalensis): An in situ hybridization study.

Expression of vesicular glutamate transporter 2 and 3 and glutamate receptor 1 and 2 mRNAs in the retina of adult laughing doves (Streptopelia senegalensis): An in situ hybridization study.

Acta histochemica (2020-08-12)
Ahmed I Abo-Ahmed, Mahmoud Abdelghaffar Emam
ABSTRACT

The retina possesses few types of neurons so; it is considered an excellent model for understanding the neural mechanisms underlying basic neural information processing in the brain. Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system and retina. The present study was carried out to characterize the expression pattern of vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (Vglut2) and 3 (Vglut3) and glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1) and 2 (GluR2) mRNAs in the retina of adult laughing dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) by RT-PCR and in situ hybridization histochemistry. The cerebellum of adult laughing dove was used as a positive control in this study. Vglut2 mRNA was highly expressed only in the granular layer of the cerebellum while Vglut3 mRNA was weakly expressed only in the Purkinje cells layer. In the retina, Vglut2 mRNA was highly expressed in the ganglion cell layer and moderately expressed in the inner nuclear layer while Vglut3 mRNA was moderately expressed only in the inner nuclear layer. GluR1 mRNA was intensely expressed in the Purkinje cells layer while GluR2 mRNA signals were highly detectable in both granular and Purkinje cells layers of the cerebellum. In the retina, moderate expression of GluR1 and intense expression of GluR2 was found in both ganglion cell layer and the internal half of inner nuclear layer mostly amacrine cells. These results suggest that some retinal neuronal cells in the adult laughing dove are glutamatergic. Therefore, GluR1 and 2 are suggested as useful markers for glutamatergic retinal neuronal cells in the adult laughing doves.

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N-Lauroylsarcosine sodium salt, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.0% (HPLC)