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  • Small RNA sequencing of circulating small extracellular vesicles microRNAs in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Small RNA sequencing of circulating small extracellular vesicles microRNAs in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Scientific reports (2023-04-05)
Jin-Ah Kim, Canaria Park, Jung-Joon Sung, Do-Jin Seo, Seok-Jin Choi, Yoon-Ho Hong
ABSTRACT

Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNA) in small extracellular vesicles (sEV) such as exosomes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although circulating cell-free miRNA have been extensively investigated in ALS, sEV-derived miRNAs have not been systemically explored yet. Here, we performed small RNA sequencing analysis of serum sEV and identified 5 differentially expressed miRNA in a discovery cohort of 12 patients and 11 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (fold change > 2, p < 0.05). Two of them (up- and down-regulation of miR-23c and miR192-5p, respectively) were confirmed in a separate validation cohort (18 patients and 15 healthy controls) by droplet digital PCR. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that these two miRNAs interact with distinct sets of target genes and involve biological processes relevant to the pathomechanism of ALS. Our results suggest that circulating sEV from ALS patients have distinct miRNA profiles which may be potentially useful as a biomarker of the disease.

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Anti-Transferrin Antibody, clone 2B8 , ZooMAb® Rabbit Monoclonal, recombinant, expressed in HEK 293 cells