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  • Estrogen Regulates Scribble Localization in Endometrial Epithelial Cells Through Acyl Protein Thioesterase (APT)-Mediated S-Palmitoylation in Adenomyosis.

Estrogen Regulates Scribble Localization in Endometrial Epithelial Cells Through Acyl Protein Thioesterase (APT)-Mediated S-Palmitoylation in Adenomyosis.

Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) (2023-08-21)
Zhixing Jin, Juan Wang, Youguo Chen
ABSTRACT

Despite its prevalence and the severity of symptoms, little is known about the pathogenesis and etiology of adenomyosis. In our previous study, Scribble localization has been found to be partially translocated to cytoplasm; however, its regulatory mechanism is known. In consideration of the important role of supraphysiologic estrogen production in the endometrium in the development of adenomyosis, we analyzed the effect and mechanism of estrogen on Scribble localization in vivo and in vitro. Firstly, we found Scribble translocation from the basolateral membrane to the cytoplasm was easily to be seen in women and mice with adenomyosis (68% vs 27%, 60% vs 10% separately). After treatment with the S-palmitoylation inhibitor 2-bromopalmitate for 48H, cytoplasmic enrichment of Scribble and the reduced level of palm-Scribble was observed by immunofluorescence, Western blot, and acyl-biotin exchange palmitoylation assay. High estrogen exposure could not only induce partially cytoplasmic translocation of Scribble but also decrease the expression level of palm-Scribble, which can be recovered by estrogen receptor inhibitor ICI182,780. Based on following experiments, we found that estrogen regulated Scribble localization by APT through S-palmitoylation of Scribble protein. At last, IHC was performed to verify the expression of APT1 and APT2 in human clinical tissue specimens and found that they were all increased dramatically. Furthermore, positive correlations were found between APT1 or APT2 and aromatase P450. Therefore, our research may provide a new understanding of the pathogenesis of adenomyosis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
APT1 Inhibitor, palmostatin B, The APT1 Inhibitor, palmostatin B controls the biological activity of APT1.
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Cytochrome P450 19A1 antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-SCRIB antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution